Dentistry & orthodontics

Nice teeth are always in style!

WELCOME!

Hello!

Welcome to my website. Here you can see some stuff related to orthodontics. Although i allowed my self to go a little bit out of that material in the Ted.com part of the project.

I hope you enjoy!

Big image

My translation from Icelandic to English

English translation
Orthodontics

Children have usually grown out all their baby teeth by the age of three and by then they should have gotten to know their dentist. The dentist looks after everything related to oral health, for example early assessment and treatment for straightening teeth and malocclusion. Orthodontists are dentists, which have completed at least three years of specialized studies in orthodontics. That is why other dentists usually turn to them if malocclusion is discovered or treatment for straightening teeth is needed. If any oral health problems are suspected it is possible to turn directly to an orthodontist.
Many people consider the teenage years as being the time for orthodontics braces. However, many problems are easy to solve earlier, so it can be a good thing to start the treatment needed by the age of 6-8 years old, when the permanent teeth have replaced the baby teeth.

What is the purpose in starting the treatment needed by the age of 6-8 years old, when the permanent teeth have replaced the baby teeth?
- Creating favorable conditions for the normal teeth replacement and jaw growth.
- Preventing dental problems.
- Reducing protuberant teeth and also reduce the risk of trauma for example broken front teeth.
- Discouraging thumb sucking and other habits that can affect oral health.
- Reducing problems with speaking clearly or breathing.
- Maintaining space between teeth, before the permanent teeth have replaced the baby teeth.
- Reducing the odds of teasing because of dental problems.

Original text in Icelandic
Tannréttingar

Á þriðja aldursári eru allar barnatennur yfirleitt komnar fram og þá ætti barnið að vera farið að kynnast tannlækninum sínum. Tannlæknirinn lítur eftir öllu viðkomandi tönnum, þar á meðal tann- og bitskekkju, og vísbendingum um þörf fyrir tannréttingu. Tannréttingasérfræðingar eru tannlæknar sem hafa lokið að minnsta kosti þriggja ára framhaldsnámi í tannréttingum og því leita aðrir tannlæknar oftast til þeirra þegar tannskekkja uppgötvast. Tilvísun er þó ekki nauðsynleg og geta foreldrar leitað beint til tannréttingasérfræðinga hvenær sem er. Í hugum flestra eru unglingsárin sá tími sem tengist tannréttingu með spöngum eða svokölluðum föstum tækjum. Mörg vandamál er þó auðvelt að leysa fyrr, sérstaklega getur verið áhrifaríkt að grípa inn í þegar fyrstu fullorðinstennurnar eru að koma fram við 6 til 8 ára aldur.

Hver er tilgangur meðferðar á tannskiptaaldri?
-Að skapa hagstæðari skilyrði fyrir eðlileg tannskipti og kjálkavöxt.
- Að koma í veg fyrir grófar tann- og bitskekkjur, þvingunarbit og andlitsskekkjur.
- Að draga úr framstæði framtanna til að minnka hættu á áverkum, t.d. brotnum framtönnum.
- Að stöðva óæskilega ávana, s.s. fingursog og tunguþrýsting.
- Að draga úr vandamálum við tal og öndun.
- Að viðhalda tannbilum fyrir undirliggjandi fullorðinstennur ef barnatennur hafa tapast ótímabært.
- Að draga úr líkum á stríðni vegna tannskekkju.

A link to the website, where I found the original text:
http://tannsi.is/fraedsluefni/unglingar/tannrettingar


Paragraph: why I chose the text and methods I used

I chose this text why, and what methods did I use?
I chose this text because I find orthodontics very interesting. My main subject in the website project are orthodontics so I found it suiting to translate a text related to this subject field. First, I translated the text roughly, just translated the words that I knew and left the hard ones. Then I went over the text and fixed what had to be fixed. I mostly used snara.is and google.com. Then the teacher helped me, read over the text and pointed out something that could be done better.

My translation from English to Icelandic

Icelandic translation
Að fara í tannréttingar sem fullorðinn einstaklingur

Flestir einstaklingar sem fara í tannréttingar, gera það á skólaaldri, þó er fullorðnir einstaklingar sem fara í tannréttingar að aukast í miklum mæli. En næstum 20% allra sem eru í tannréttingum eru fullorðnir einstaklingar. Ástæða þessarar aukningar er talin vera sú að tannréttingatækin eru orðin mun fínni og ekki eins áberandi og áður. Til dæmis postulínsteinar eða plastgómur, sem fer yfir tennurnar og réttir þær.

Afhverju velja fullorðnir að fara í tannréttingar?
Tennur geta breyst með aldrinum, færst til og skekkst. Til dæmis vegna meiðsla eða vegna ástands sem kallað er tungu þrýstingur. Fullorðnir einstaklingar byrja oft að upplifa sársauka í kjálka, eiga erfitt með að þrífa tennurnar almennilega eða eru einfaldlega með bros sem þeim finnst óaðlaðandi.
Margar aðrar ástæður eru fyrir tannréttingum á fullorðinsaldri. Sumir einstaklingar hafa alltaf haft skakkar tennur, en foreldrar þeirra ekki haft efni á borga fyrir tannréttingar. Svo eru líka þeir sem segjast lengi hafa ætlað í tannréttingar en verið lengi að koma sér í það, eða vilji fá beinar tennur vegna nýs starfsferils. Margir fullorðnir sjá tannréttingar sem fjárfestingu sem borgar sig, það kostar meðal annars nokkur vandræðaleg ár en í staðinn fær maður beinar og fínar tennur sem maður nýtur það sem eftir er.

Ég fór í tannréttingar sem barn. Afhverju þarf ég að fara aftur?
Eins og áður sagði geta tennur breyst með aldrinum, þær skekkjast og færast til. Ef einstaklingur sem fór í tannréttingar var ekki með góminn eins mikið og tannlæknirinn mælti með, eða er einfaldlega óheppinn með náttúrulegan vöxt kjálkans, geta tennur hans færst aftur í sitt gamla horf. Tannréttingalæknar hafa nýlega uppgötvað að gómurinn ætti að vera notaður mun lengur en þeir hafa mælt með síðustu ár, stundum jafnvel um óákveðinn tíma, til að koma í veg fyrir að tennurnar færist. Því miður þýðir þetta að þeir sem hafa áður farið í tannréttingar gætu þurft þess á nýjan leik.

Eru einhverjir ókostir við að fá teina sem fullorðinn einstaklingur?
Þó svo að teinar beri árangur á hvaða aldri sem er, getur það tekið lengri tíma fyrir fullorðinn einstakling að ná fram sama árangri og ungt fólk eða börn í tannréttingum. Einnig borga flestar tryggingar ekki tannréttingar fyrir sjúklinga eldri en 18 ára.


Original text in English

Getting braces as an adult

Many people associate braces with middle school, but getting braces as an adult is becoming much more common. Almost 20% of braces wearers are adults. This is mostly due to the rise of more subtle, less visible options like ceramic braces and invisalign.

Why do adults choose to get braces?
Teeth can shift with age - because of injury, a condition called tongue thrust, or natural growth – and some adults find that their previously straight teeth have become crooked and overcrowded. They may start experiencing jaw pain, having difficulty properly cleaning their teeth, or simply facing a smile they find unattractive.
Other adults get braces because they've always had crooked teeth, but their parents couldn't afford to pay for braces when they were growing up. Finally, some people say they're just finally getting around to it, or that they want straighter teeth for a new career. Overall, many adults see braces as a worthwhile investment of a few awkward years in exchange for decades of straight teeth.

I had braces as a kid. Why do I need them again?
Teeth shift as you get older, and some people's teeth shift more than others. If you didn't wear your retainer as much as the orthodontist recommended, or are simply unlucky with your jaw's natural growth, your teeth can return to their original position. Orthodontists have also recently realized that retainers should be worn much longer than they recommended in previous decades, and sometimes indefinitely, to prevent tooth movement. Unfortunately, this means that even adults who were model patients as kids may find themselves needing braces again.

Are there any downsides to getting braces as an adult?

Although braces can be effective at any age, it can take longer for adults to get the same results. In addition, most insurance plans don't cover braces for patients over 18.

A link to the website, where I found the original text: http://www.oralb.com/embraceit/braces-for-adults


Paragraph: why I chose the text and methods I used
I chose this text why, and what methods did I use?
I chose this text because I find orthodontics very interesting. My main subject in the website project are orthodontics so I found it suiting to translate a text related to this subject field. Also, this subject orthodontics for grown ups is an idea many people aren't used to, and find it weird seeing a grown up with braces. Orthodontics is just as important for grown ups as for children, and it shouldn't be lousy at all. First, I translated the text roughly, just translated the words that I knew and left the hard ones. Then I went over the text and fixed what had to be fixed. I mostly used snara.is and google.com.

Big image

An interview with a person connected to the subject field

A paragraph about why I chose this person
I wanted to relate my website project mostly to orthodontics so I interviewed an orthodontist named Teitur Jónsson. He graduated as a dentist from the University of Iceland in the year 1972. In 1975 he graduated as an orthodontist, he specialized in Oslo. He used to have his own dentistry clinic in Akureyri 1976-2009 but now works part-time work as an orthodontist. Teitur also works in the dentistry department at the University of Iceland.


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

My questions in English
Why did you choose orthodontics as a profession?

Which are the advantages and disadvantages to the job?

Where did you study orthodontics?

If in Iceland:
Why did you choose to study in Iceland?
Which are the advantages and disadvantages to studying dentistry in Iceland?

If abroad:
Which are the advantages and disadvantages to studying dentistry in abroad?

Where did you specialize in orthodontics?

Did that require any special ability? Was the language an issue?

Do you recommend this profession?

Why/Why not?

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------


A summary of the interview
Teitur chose dentistry and orthodontics as a profession because his dream was to be a specialized dentist but also be able to live in his hometown, Akureyri. Orthodontics seemed like a fitting choice. He says the advantages of the job are many, mostly in getting to communicate with young people that work hard so the treatment and the results will be good. But in his opinion the disadvantages are being responsible for such a large group of patients. He studied dentistry in the University of Iceland. He decided to study in Iceland because the University had a good reputation graduating good and qualified dentists for decades. Unfortunately only seven people can start studying dentistry each year in the University of Iceland but once you are in the advantages are great. He decided not to study dentistry abroad because most of schools abroad give their students less clinical training then in the University of Iceland. Teitur specialized in orthodontics in Oslo, Norway. He didn't find the language an issue, the teaching was in Norwegian and the school books in English. Teitur surely recommends the profession and points out that most dentists and orthodontics seem satisfied with their jobs.

Life is too short, smile while you still have teeth

Tracking ancient diseases using plaque

A summarize from Ted.com - 1


The main idea summarized

Christina Warinner is an achaeological geneticist and she has found a spectacular new tool to learn about human diseases from ancient hominids to the present. That tool is the microbial DNA in fossilized dental plaque. She studies the origins and evolution of human health and disease by conducting genetic research on the skeleton and mummified remains of ancient humans. Through this work she hopes to understand better the evolutionary vulnerabilities of our bodies so that we can improve and manage our health better in the future. Health challenges today are caused by complex inner play of genetic variation, diet, microbes and parasites and our immune response. Mostly she and her team use a fossilized dental plaque, for their studies, which is found on people everywhere. It's a film of oral bacteria, food particles, and cellular debris that builds up on teeth. Dental Plaque mineralizes during life to form tartar or calculus, a "fossilized plaque." It's the stuff that sits on your teeth and the dentist cleans of once you visit him. But in ancient time, before tooth brushing, people had very much tartar on their teeth, which is very convenient for Christina and her team. Calculus is persistent over time, abundant in quantity and ubiquitous worldwide. In the calculus it is usual to find pollen, plant starch, muscle tissue (meat) and bacteria cells. Christina and her team also found oral bacteria, immune proteins, plants and animals. What started out as an idea, to look at some old tooth, is now showing great potentials in looking into the past and understanding better the evolutionary vulnerabilities of our bodies so that we can improve and manage our health better in the future.


An explanation on why I chose this particular video
I started off typing 'dentistry' in the search window. I was sure that I wanted to write about something connected to that subject field. Then this video came up first and caught my attention. I decided to stick with it because I find it very interesting that teeth can open window to the past. Also, I adore strong, smart women (actually, just people in general) But Christina Warinner inspires me a lot.

The simple power of hand washing

A summarize from Ted.com - 2


The main idea summarized
Myriam Sidibe is a warrior in the fight against childhood disease. She fights strongly with one weapon, a bar of soap. Due to many diseases 6,600,000 children never make it to their fifth birthday. Most of these deaths are preventable. We can prevent it with hand washing. Washing hands with soap can reduce diseases by half. Statistics show that 4 out of 5 people don't wash their hands when coming out of the bathroom. Soap is found in nearly every home all over the world. We have to open up the discussion of the importance of washing your hands. We have the power to change these social norms. We can stand together and reduce diseases by half. Let's not wait for some scientific discovery. We have all we need to fight diseases by something as simple as a bar of soap. This is the world's most important public health invention. Let's wash our hands, spread the word and help more children reach their fifth birthday.

An explanation on why I chose this particular video
Well, I wanted to use the opportunity and move a little further from my main subject dentistry. Most of us don't realize the importance of washing our hands. It is a fact that many people don't wash their hands often enough or well enough. I found this video quite interesting because we have to keep reminding our selves of the importance of hand washing and good hygiene in general. The fact that we can reduce diseases by half by just washing our hands properly as amazing, I think often we don't understand how much power we have in changing the world.

One more reason to get a good night's sleep

A summarize from Ted.com - 3


The main idea summarized
The brain uses a quarter of the body's entire energy supply, yet only accounts for about two percent of the body's mass. We spend about a third of our lives sleeping. Sleep is an elegant design solution to some of the brain's most basic needs. The brain has some incredibly unique ways of cleaning it self and reorganizing. A fluid called CFS covers the brain and then goes through it and with it goes out all things that brain needs to get rid of. No other organ uses this technique. But the most important part is that this only happens while we are sleeping. So if we don't get enough sleep, our brain doesn't get the chance to clean it self and reorganize and that creates very big problems for us. It is a theory that this is because while we are awake and the brain is busy it puts of cleaning it self and organizing until we have fallen a sleep. It is very important that we give our brain a break to do the chores because if we don't the consequences can be very serious. When it comes to cleaning the brain it is the health and function of the mind and the body that is at stake.

An explanation on why I chose this particular video.
I found this video quite interesting. I am usually interested in things related to a healthy life style. But this video caught my attention because I can relate to it directly. Yes, I am writing this text about the importance of sleeping at exactly 02:47 am.

Self - assessment

18.november

Today I thought about how I wanted to do my website project. I decided that I was going to do project on orthodontics. I chose an Icelandic article to translate to English. Guðfinna, my teacher, gave me the green light on that text.
19.november

I created an interview and sent it to five orthodontists.
21.november

I found a text about orthodontics for adults. Guðfinna gave me the green light and I started translating it.
26.november

I finished translating both texts and started thinking about the Ted.com part of the project. In the evening I finished the three Ted.com summaries and also finished working with the interview. I started putting together the website, and I hope to finish to night.

Big image