El Greco

The Religous Renaissance Painter by Ian Horne


*Born 1541 in Crete, Greece

*Died April 6, 1614 in Toledo, Spain

*His real name was Domenikos Theotokopoulos and El Greco was his nickname.

*He settled in Spain and spent the rest of his life in Toledo.

*Where this painter lived, the art in his area was primarily based off of his church. It was assumed that he was well educated and very intelligent from his work and interests. While he was in Rome there was record that he paid his dues to the painter's guild in the Roman Academy of St. Luke ("Gale, Cengage Learning").

*He eventually moved to Rome to continue his career as a Painter and Artist.

* "El Greco had to flee from Rome to Spain because he had criticized Michelangelo's Last Judgment in the Sistine Chapel and said that he could do better" ("Giulio Mancini").

* Once he was in Spain he met a young woman named Doata Jeranima de las Cuevas and they had a son.

*El Greco's art was mainly paintings and they were mostly all religious. He would paint these types of paintings to show his passion for Christ.

*Some of examples of his famous paintings are the Espolio, The Trinity, and The Burial of the Count of Orgaz.

*Most of El Greco's patrons were religious people that were deeply involved with the church and religious events.

The Espolio

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The Work

*The name of this masterpiece is the Espolio and it is one of his most famous religious paintings .

*The piece was commenced in the summer of 1577 and completed in the spring of 1579.

*The significance of this piece is to show all of the Christians love and passion for Christ. The men with weapons are crucifying Christ and putting him on the cross to die. All of the men and women that worship him are extremely upset and mad. A technique that is used in this piece is cutting the piece in two and having the men crucifying on one side and having the helpless Christians on the bottom. Another technique is making Christ stand out in red compared to everyone else. This is done to show his importance.

*Something very interesting in this piece is being able to see the people's different point of view because some are for Christ and some wanted to kill him.

*Humanism is used in this piece because it is showing Christ in a natural and pure form.

Works Cited

* "El Greco." Discovering Biography. Detroit: Gale, 2003. Gale Student Resources In Context. Web. 9 Jan. 2013

* "Greco, El (1541-1614)." Encyclopedia of World Biography. Detroit: Gale, 1998. Gale Biography In Context. Web. 9 Jan. 2013.

* http://www.wga.hu/art/g/greco_el/04/0402grec.jpg