Structure of Scientific Writing
Elizabeth V, Ben Z, Allie B, Leah T, Blake B, Natalie K
- Materials & Methods
Writing a Hypothesis
- If-Then format is necessary
- State a prediction of the outcome
- Make sure it is a complete sentence
- “If _____ [I do this] ____, then _____ [this] ______ will happen.”
- Should be in introduction
example: If the plants are placed in complete dark, then the lack of light will stunt the plant's growth.
- An informative title.
- Your full name
- Teacher's name
- date due
A good title is informative and summarizes your experiment.. For example, if you’re determining the effects of plants in different amounts of sunlight, your title should be something along the lines of “What amount of light do plants react to best?” or “The effects of sunlight on Plants”
- A too vague title would be “Sunlight & Plants”.
- Question studied
- Main reason for the study
- Primary results
- Main conclusions
Here are some good examples
The introduction should answer why the experiment/study was undertaken. A good introduction should
Include a clear statement of the problem or question being investigated
State your hypothesis (explained above)
Address how your research helped you answer your question.
- Brief overview of the methods used
Materials & Methods
This part of the experiment needs to list all materials that were needed in order to conduct the experiment as well as how the experiment was done; it should also answer how the study was undertaken. Consider the following questions
- What procedures were followed?
- Are the steps and controls clearly stated?
- What research materials did you use?
- How did you answer the hypothesis/ questions being asked?
Should explain what was found
Contains any data tables, charts, or graphs
- All graphs should be labeled properly
Accept or reject your hypothesis
Explain why or why not support your hypothesis
Include a summary of the data, graphs, or charts
Explain results in detail
- Discuss possible errors that could have occurred during the experiment
This section is a complete list of all of the references you cited in your entire paper.
Things to remember in this section:
References should be listed in alphabetical order by last name of the author
Include ALL references mentioned in paper
Need more help? Check out these
"Lab Report Template." The Biology Corner. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 May 2013. <http://www.biologycorner.com/worksheets/labreport.html>
"Writing Abstract Help" SEFMD. Web. 20 May 2013. <http://www.sefmd.org/Abstracts/SampleAbstracts.htm>