The Romantic Movement
By Julie and Emily
The Period and Rationale of The Romantic Movement
This period was artistic, literary and intellectual. It originated in Europe at the end of the 18th century and was at its peaks during the 1800's to 1850's. Although the period varies between different countries it roughly takes place between 1770 and 1848. Characterized by its emphasis on emotion and individualism, it glorifies the past times and nature. Most of the pieces created in this period represented the beauty of nature, more medieval themed than anything. Emotion was intensely accentuated because of its aesthetic. The most common ones being: horror, terror and awe.
The Art In The Romantic Period
Realism proved to be the polar opposite of romanticism because realism showed the "truth" and people thought that romanticism was made up stories and fantasy myths. It was found that art produced during the romantic period was revived elements in attempt to escape the current population growth. The early period of the romantic era was the period of a war that is why most works of art, stories and so forth were based on dread and dismay.
Lilly Martin Spencer (November 1882-May 1902, 20 years old) depicted mostly women and children in her paintings. The oil painting shown, created in 1849 illustrates a mother and father gazing at their two young children. She illustrated domestic scenes that had a very warm and happy atmosphere. Spencer often used her own family and pets in her artwork, she was the most popular American female painter of her time.
The Death of Chatterton
This oil painting was created by an English man; Henry Wallis (February 1830- December 1916, 86 years old). It portrays a 17 year old Romantic poet. His name is Thomas Chatterton, he is shown dead, by suicide. He poisoned himself with arsenic in 1770. Wallis was considered a Romantic hero for countless people; usually young artists that have struggled during their lifetime.
The Rime of the Ancient Mariner
Samuel Taylor Coleridge was a romanticist during the literary movement. (October 1772- July 1834, 61 years old). He was a poet, critic and philosopher; who, like most famous romanticists during this time frame, lived in England. Coleridge is one of the most important figures in English poetry. Known for his meticulous work, he was more careful writing his poems than any other known poet. His philosophy of poetry deeply influenced the field of literary criticism, mostly because of his imaginative phrases.
Comparing the Romantic Rationale to Frankenstein
In Frankenstein, the letters written by Walton to his sister Margaret, seemed very loving and it was apparent that they were very close. They often went into detail about every aspect of their lives and showed how much they missed each other. These letters are proof of romantic literature appearing in the novel. "Farewell, my dear, excellent Margaret. Heaven shower down blessings on you, and save me, that I may again and again testify my gratitude for all your love and kindness. - Your affectionate brother, Walton" (Shelley 6)
Also, within the novel Elizabeth and Victor are sharing letters between each other as their way communicating since he's been gone for years. This is proof that they are in love with each other and they won't let the distance ruin their bond. "You have travelled; you have spent several years of your life at Ingolstadt; and I confess to you,... that I love you and that in my airy dreams of futurist you have been my constant friend and companion" (Shelley 193).