By: Melis Ramos and Khloie Hayes

Minerals and Functions

Sodium - needed for fluid balance, nerve transmission, and muscle contraction.

Chloride - needed for proper fluid balance, and stomach acid.

Potassium - needed for proper fluid balance, nerve transmission, and muscle contraction.

Calcium - important for healthy bones and teeth; helps muscles relax and contract; important in nerve functioning, blood clotting, blood pressure regulation, and immune system health.

Phosphorus - important for healthy bones and teeth; found in every cell; part of the system that maintains acid-base balance.

Magnesium - found in bones; needed for making protein, muscle contraction, nerve transmission, and immune system health.

Sulfur - found in protein molecules.

Iron - part of a molecule (hemoglobin) found in red blood cells that carries oxygen in the body; needed for energy metabolism.

Zinc - part of may enzymes; needed for making protein and genetic material; has a function in taste perception, wound healing, and immune system health.

Iodine - found in thyroid hormone, which helps regulate growth, development, and metabolism.

Selenium - antioxidant

Copper - part of many enzymes; needed for iron metabolism.

Manganese - part of many enzymes.

Fluoride - involved in formation of bones and teeth; helps prevent tooth decay.

Chromium - works closely with insulin to regulate blood sugar (glucose) levels.

Molybdenum - part of some enzymes.

Minerals and Sources


Sources - legumes; breads and grains; leafy greens; leafy, green vegetables; milk; liver.

Deficiencies and Excesses of Minerals

What happens if you have too much or too little of minerals?

  • If you consume too many minerals you can loss your natural body image, your body can also have problems functioning properly, and your blood pressure can rise very high, which can help cause heart disease.
  • If you don't consume enough minerals you can also loss your natural body image, there is a chance of illness even death, not eating appropriate foods you can be malnutrition, and not eating enough minerals it can also cause you to have brittle bones.