by Eiki Sato


  • kingdom:Anamalia, phylum:Chordata, class:Aves, order:Gruifoarmes, family:gruidae, and genius:grus
  • white primary feathers with black secondary feathers
  • black neck, white nape, and red crown
  • height:150cm, wingspan:220-250cm, and weight:7-10kg
  • mainly communicate by voice


  • live in Asia
  • mainly two groups:migrating and non-migrating
  • migrating:northeast China and southeast Russia
  • non-migrating:Hokkaido, Japan
  • winter:Korea, Jiungsu, and central east China
  • terrain:winter:rivers and freshwater marshes
  • terrain:summer:coastal salt marshes, rice paddies, and cultivated fields
  • climate: humid continental, subarctic, and semiarid
  • build nests on the ground


  • adaptation toward cold temperature
  • depend on eye sights and hearing skills for protection
  • cranes have beaks, well eyes, and the ability to fly
  • East Asia species do migrate, but Hokkaido's don't
  • when in search of food, they look for specific shapes and patterns
  • when cranes mate, they are together until they die, but will replace dead partners

Food Chain

  • insects, aquatic invertebrates, fish, amphibians, small rodents, waste grains, reeds, grasses, heath berries, and corn
  • find food in deep water marshes, dikes, rice fields, and other croplands
  • all cranes are omnivores
  • predators to insects, aquatic invertebrates, fish, amphibians, and small rodents
  • whether being a prey or not depends on the place, but human is the biggest prey

reasons for endangerment

  • mainly two reasons
  • human hunt for food and as sport
  • habitat loss due to human development and destroying of historic breeding wetlands
  • WWII killed most of the cranes that lived in Hokkaido

critical information

  • became the national treasure of Japan, leading them to have less chance of being hunted
  • organization called Tancho Protection Group(tancho is the japanese name of the red-crowned cranes) protect the cranes in Japan
  • Tancho Protection Group is in Hokkaido and gives out food and shelter for the cranes in winter
most of this information was taken from (oibird) and (savecrane)

work cited

"ADMISSION IS FREE." Welcome to the National Zoo| FONZ Website. Web. 31 May 2012. <>.
"" Web. 31 May 2012. <>.
"Inspiring A Global Community." Home. Web. 31 May 2012. <>. (savecrane)
"Page D'accueil." Page D'accueil. Web. 31 May 2012. <>. (oibird)
work cited for pictures
Atwood, Margaret. "Act Now to save Our Birds." The Guardian. Guardian News and Media, 01 Sept. 2010. Web. 31 May 2012. <>.
BBC News. BBC. Web. 31 May 2012. <>.
"Conservationist Works to Protect Cranes in North and South Korea." 13 Oct. 2009. Web. 31 May 2012. <>.
"Free Desktop Backgrounds, Free Desktop Wallpapers." Free Desktop Backgrounds Wallpapers. Web. 31 May 2012. <>.
"Japanese Cranes Calling - Birds Wallpaper 522087 - Desktop Nexus Animals."Desktop Nexus Wallpapers. Web. 31 May 2012. <>.
"Red-Crowned Crane Nature Park." Japan-i / Enjoy the Best in JapanTravel. Web. 31 May 2012. <>.