Chris, Destin, Theresa

Watergate scandal:

June 7, 1972

· 5 people broke in the Watergate building in Washington, D.C.

· They were connected to President Richard Nixon’s reelection campaign

· Tried to steal information, secret documents.

· Nixon wanted to cover it up:

o trying to stop the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) from investigating the crime

o destroying evidence

· not sure whether Nixon knew about the Watergate espionage operation before it happened

· Watergate scandal changed American politics forever

· Americans question their leadership, think more critically about presidency.

Jimmy Carter (Democrat):

· 39th president (January 20, 1977 – January 20, 1981)

· Wanted government to be more caring and compassionate

· He announced a “pardon” to all the people who were in Vietnam

· He got leader from Egypt and Isreal together à signed “Peace Agreement”

· Faced economic problems: recession, inflation, oil crisis, Iran hostage crisis

Oil crisis:

· October 1973 and January 1974

· Arab oil producers cut off exports to the U.S.

· Protests against American military support for Israel in its war with Egypt and Syria.

· soaring gas prices, long lines at filling stations

· Economic downturn in the U.S.

· Embargo made U.S. feel heavily dependent on Middle Eastern oil

· challenged America's position in the world and it’s confidence

Camp David Accords:

· September 18, 1978

· high point of Jimmy Carter's presidency

· Egyptian President and Israeli Prime Minister had their thirteen-day summit at Camp David, Maryland

· “first peace treaty should influence further progress toward peace in the Middle East”

Iran Hostage crisis:

· November 1979 - January 1981

· On November 4, 1979: young Islamic revolutionaries overran the U.S. Embassy in Tehran

· 66 Americans got caught for 444 days

· One of most dramatic problems facing Americans at home and abroad

· weakened Carter’s presidency, he was not able to release them

· After Ronald Reagan took office the hostages got released

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1970-Apollo 13

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1971- 26th amendment ratified

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1971-The Soviet Union and NASA sent probes to Mars.

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1972- President Nixon visits Moscow

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1973- US pulls out of Vietnam

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1974- Sears tower opens

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1975- Microsoft founded

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1976- Apple founded

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1977- Fifteen nations, including the United States and the Soviet Union, sign a nuclear-proliferation pact, slowing the spread of nuclear weapons around the world.

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1979-Three mile island incident