Sri Lanka

By Alyssa Walter

Geograpphy

  • Located in the Indian Ocean on the southeast tip of Asia
  • about half the size of Alabama
  • most of the land is flat and rolling
  • mountains in the south central region (landslides occur often here
  • has a tropical environment
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More about the Environment

  • has a tropical environment (receive large amounts of rain)
  • growing flood frrequency
  • the intense rains "accelerate" soil erosion --> landslides-->erosion-->siltation of reservoirs
  • many houses of been destroyed in the past 40 years due to landslides, cyclones, and wild animal attacks.
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Modern Sri Lanka

  • president- Maithripala Sirisena (2015)
  • Religions- Buddhist (69.1%), Islam (7.6%), HIndu (7.1%), Tamil (18%), other (8%)
  • Literacy Rate- 91.2% (2010 est)
  • Languages- Sinhala (74% official and national), Tamil (7.6%), Hindu (7.1%), other (8%)
  • English is commonly used in government and is spoken competently by about 10%


  • Population (2014 est)- 21,866,445
  • Birth Rate- 16.24//1000
  • Life Expectancy- 76.35


  • Capital- Colombo 693,000
  • Large Cities- 207,755
  • Legislative and Judicial- Sri Jayawardenapura Kotte 126,000