Oil Spills

By: Savonnah Lewis

Main 2 issues concerning oil splls

1. When oil gets in contact/ingested by organism it can be very harmful.

2. After there is an oil spill the clean up process can be very dangerous concerning the organisms as well.

Information from: http://response.restoration.noaa.gov/oil-and-chemical-spills/oil-spills/how-oil-harms-animals-and-plants-marine-environments.html

The photo on the right shows how the BP oil spill affected this animal.

Picture from: http://dogtime.com/trending/3350-bp-oil-spill-help-animals

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Negative effects of oil spills

The effect depends on many factors like the type of spillage and the amount of oil that spilled. Oil can contaminate many things under water, if marine life comes in contact that is contaminated it can be very harmful and possible kill them, the surviving marine life may have ad health afterwards. Oil spills can also effect organisms habitats.

Information from: http://response.restoration.noaa.gov/oil-and-chemical-spills/oil-spills/how-oil-harms-animals-and-plants-marine-environments.html

The picture above shows oil settling in the gulf. Picture from: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/newsbysector/energy/oilandgas/9109524/BP-close-to-14bn-settlement-over-Gulf-of-Mexico-oil-spill.html

The following link is to an article discussing the BP oil spill in the Gulf that caused lots of damage. http://insideclimatenews.org/news/19042015/bp-spill-9-million-acres-gulf-leased-drilling?gclid=CP3B2caEz8kCFQqPaQod0UAO6w

North America's most freqent oil spill occurence

The coastal regions of North America receive the most oil spill occurrence.

Information from: http://oceanmotion.org/html/impact/marine-resources.htm

The picture to the right shows the area of each NOAA oil response in 2014.

Picture from: https://usresponserestoration.wordpress.com/2015/01/ select edit to zoom in.

The wildlife that is most affected by oil spills

Marine plants and animals are most affected by oil spills.

The picture below shows 2 sea otters affected by an oil spill. Picture from: http://www.kidzworld.com/article/24170-oil-spills-sad-but-true

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How the wildlife is affected by oil spills

Oil can destroy the fur of marine mammals of feathers of birds who came I contact, exposing them to the harsh elements. When this happens the animals don't have a way to protect themselves from the cold water, so they may develop hypothermia, and die. Also if an animal ingests oil it can poison them. Adult fish when exposed to oil may experience reduced growth, enlarged liver, and it affects their eggs and larval survival.

Information from: http://oceanservice.noaa.gov/facts/oilimpacts.html

The picture below shows a duck affected by an oil spill, and is trying to get clean.

Picture from: http://science.howstuffworks.com/environmental/green-science/cleaning-oil-spill1.htm

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Does oil spills affect us in League City? If not, could it ever reach our area?

Oil spills do not affect us in League City because there is no major body of water to spill oil in, or ships that ship oil across to a destination. We may lose oil from the spill that we could use, but it will not be able to reach our area.

The picture below shows a tug boat in Galveston responsible for a collision that lead to an oil spill. Picture from: http://www.galvnews.com/news/free/article_0118cdb4-0f87-11e5-af66-1f52456a0445.html

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Are people affected?

Most people will not be affected, unless they are helping clean up an oil spill from another area, or they are worried for some reason of another oil spill that happened in a different location.

This video shows how we are affected by the Gulf oil spill and experiments are made to see how oil affects marine animals. https://youtu.be/SakDOUlDWDs

How oil spills happen

Oil spills are caused by people making mistakes or being careless, equipment breaking down, or natural disasters. Accidents can involve tankers, barges, pipelines refineries, drilling rigs, and storage facilities.

Information from: http://response.restoration.noaa.gov/training-and-education/education-students-and-teachers/how-do-spills-happen.html

Solutions to oil spills

There really isn't a way to prevent oil spills, but there are many ways to clean one up. For example scientists discovered a superabsorbent material that sops up to 40 times its own weight of oil. It can then be shipped to an oil refinery and processed to recover the oil.

Information from: http://www.acs.org/content/acs/en/pressroom/presspacs/2012/acs-presspac-november-14-2012/a-complete-solution-for-oil-spill-cleanup.html

The following link is to an article that discusses the material that is used in the superabsorbent material that can help for clean up on oil spills. http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/ef300388h

My solution to oil spills

When a ship is carrying oil and it detects a spill in process or making, a siren will go off. This siren activates a giant rubber tank or bag type too be released under the opening exposing the oil to the water. The bag will catch the oil, and it has a seal to close off the opening so no more oil is exposed. After this happens the bag can be taken inside with a pump to pump the oil back to where it belongs on the ship. I don't think my idea would be able to be implemented now because this requires the making of a giant tank or bag, and the technology to move the bag around as needed.