The Culture of Iraq

Iraq Culture: Facts & High Interest

General Information

Iraq is located in the Middle East, boarding Iran, Turkey, Saudi Arabia, Jordan, and Syria. It is slightly more than three times the size of New York. Most of Iraq has a hot arid climate with subtropical influence. Summer temperatures average above 104 ° for most of the country and frequently exceed 118 °. Overall, Iraq is a warm country (as most Middle Eastern countries are) and is well know for a number of reasons with the surrounding countries.

Culture of Iraq

Iraq is known for its oil, and in some cases its energy. (5th highest in the world) Iraq has 143.1 billion barrels of proved oil reserves within their country. Oil and energy is what help the Iraq government make some money for their county. On March 20, 2003, a United States-organized group invaded Iraq, under the pretext that Iraq had failed to abandon its weapons of mass destruction program in violation of U.N. This claim was based on documents provided by the CIA and British government and were later found to be unreliable. In 2008, fighting continued and Iraq's newly trained armed forces launched attacks against militants. The Iraqi government signed the U.S.-Iraq Status of Forces Agreement which required U.S. forces to withdraw from Iraqi cities by 30 June 2009 and to withdraw completely out of Iraq by 31 December 2011.Following the withdrawal of U.S. troops in 2011 the insurgency continued and Iraq suffered from political instability. In February 2011 the Arab Spring protests spread to Iraq; but the initial protests did not topple the government.

Population: 32,585,692

Ethnic Groups
  • Arab 75%-80%

  • Kurdish 15%-20%
  • Turkoman, Assyrian, or other 5%

Birth/Death/Infant Mortality Rate

  • 26.85 births/1,000 population
  • 4.57 deaths/1,000 population
  • 37.53 deaths/1,000 live births

16% unemployment rate as of 2012


  • Arabic (official)
  • Kurdish (official)
  • Turkmen (a Turkish dialect)
  • Assyrian (Neo-Aramaic)

Literacy Rate: 79%

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