LIFE IN 2060

by : Marwa Dawoud


Ok, so we all pretty much know Canada's current situations regarding death, birth and natural increase rate, population status' and the Canadian First Nations current issues but, what about in say 46 years? Here I will be giving my predictions on how Canada will be in 2060 in regards to how the population will change, the fertility and life expectancy rate at that time and how the First Nations issues change for the better of for the worse.


Canada’s average immigration rate annually has been a consistent 250 000 for about 23 years, this high intake has had major negative economic consequences for Canadians who are looking for work because many of Canada’s own unemployed are forced compete with the new immigrants coming in. Along with that, Canada's population is pretty large as it is, currently there are approximately 40 million people living in Canada and our population growth rate is at 1.238%.

The First Nations that are living in Canada presently are in a very negative situation, they are so because of multiple reasons such as the fact that they are still fighting in court about the agreement they had with the Canadian government regarding their share of land or the fact that disputes over things like natural resources are a growing problem between Canada and the First Nations which is resulting in tension and distrust.


Considering the fact that Canada's fertility rate is slowing decreasing I believe it's safe to say that eventually the population will decrease as well.The children that are being born at this time will be around the reproductive age by 2060 and the current reproductive age will be beginning to die off which means that as they are dying off, the population will get smaller. With Canadian's talking that into consideration, I think they'll need to, and will start having more children for many reasons, such as;

  • Since the reproductive age of this time will be starting to die off by the year 2060 the population will decrease greatly, meaning that the new reproductive age will want to start increasing their birth rate to even out their population.

  • If the new reproductive age at that time doesn't start to increase the population Canada will have problems in the future, like there being too many jobs that are available but not enough people to fill them.

  • Also, with the lack of jobs being filled, comes a lack of resources. Without there being people to work means that there won't be anyone to produce our basic needs like food, water and shelter.


what will the death rate be in 2050?

Canada's (and the world's) growth in technology has exceeded greatly in only a few years but, along with that growth comes the growth in the use of energy, energy that we need for other things like the sanitation of water or the producing of food. Furthermore, all that energy being used creates pollution and releases things like toxins and chemicals into the atmosphere and the biosphere overall. Those toxins and chemicals in our air will eventually enter our bodies which can result in (incurable) sicknesses, diseases, and possible death. The growth in energy consumption leads to a growth in pollution which finally leads to growing death rates in Canada by the year 2060. This is a big problem in many ways, for instance;

  • With a growing death rate that affects all ages, rather than ages 50+, it means that our population will once again start to become unbalanced.

  • Also by the year 2060, if the fertility rate starts to grow, then the population will begin to grow as well meaning that the need for resources like food and shelter and natural resources like fossil fuels and water will start decreasing because of the high consumption. When those resources start to diminish it means that they will not be accessible to everyone leading to possible death if everyone doesn't get the resources they need.

  • If the population does grow greatly by the year 2060, there will be a decrease in available jobs and an increase of Canadians searching for jobs. Eventually there will not be enough jobs for everyone, or not enough well paying jobs resulting in a higher poverty rate which leads to many more constant deaths and an growing death rate.


Currently Canada's natural increase rate is at approximately 2.41 per 1 000 and by the year 2060 I believe that Canada's both birth and death rate will double, resulting in Canada's natural increase rate of 2060 to be approximately 4.82 per 1 000.

This table shows Canada's birth and death rates from 1950 to 2010.

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Based on my predictions of they're being a possible increase of job availability I think that there will be a lot of immigrants coming in mostly in search for jobs, which may cause a problem because if Canada's own unemployed are also searching for jobs they'll have to compete with the new coming immigrants.

I think that most of these immigrants will be coming from parts of Europe and Asia, I believe so because currently that is where most immigrants are coming from and so I think that by the year 2060 those places will still be where they're mostly coming from, just that the immigration rate will be much larger than it is now. In addition, I feel that Asia will actually be where most immigrants are coming from to Canada overall, I think this is true because of reasons such as;

  • Since the population in Asia is so dense, there is clearly a lack of jobs there, and my prediction of there being a high death rate, resulting in more job availability is a pull factor to those unemployed living in Asia.

  • Furthermore, with Asia's exceeding population growth it get's more and more difficult to be able to function for some people, resources are diminishing, jobs are at a minimum and living situations will only get worse. Those are all push factors that are driving the citizens of Asia to start to immigrate to Canada.


As of right now the First Nations current situation with Canada is not very good, and I feel that by the year 2060 it won't improve.

Currently the First Nations are fighting for promises that were made to them in the Indian Act by the Canadian government, and so far they aren't making any progress.

By the time the year 2060 comes around I think that most of the First Nations living in Canada will have died and the descendants of those First Nations may not even know of the Indian Act or what they were promised, and if it is still a known thing among the First Nations that are left, I feel that eventually they will realize that the Canadian government is not going to make any changes to improve the First Nations way of life and so they will decide to end the fight.

On the other hand if there are still some First Nations that have chosen to continue to fight for their fights, I still believe that there will not be enough to be able to make a difference for or that they will even be looked at by the Canadian government.


I believe that if my predictions turned out to be correct that life in 2060 will be more difficult then it is today, I believe that families will have more kids due to what i researched and i believe that things will harder , That is all that i have come up with all of my research.