Tea In India

Everything There is to Know

When did Tea Come to India?

The ancient myth of how tea came to be took place in China. It was said that emperor Shen Nug was thirsty with no water. He picked up a tea leaf and squeezed the juice out of it and drank it. In 1835, The British East India Company started the first tea plantation in Assam, India. Around that time tea was also planted around Darjeeling, India. Shortly after that, almost ninety-million pounds of tea was produced by India. By 1903, India had created The Tea Board.

How Is Tea Produced In India?

Tea has very specific way of being made in India. It starts with the withering process

which is when tea leaves are freshly plucked, laid out on troughs, and are raised under the right conditions for the next stages. The next stage is rolling. This process crushes and squeezes the leaf, letting out all the oils and juices. The rolling of the tea leaves is very critical to the color strength, aroma, and taste of the tea. So, after rolling is the fermentation process. After the rolling, comes fermentation. The leaves sit in a fermentation room for around an hour and a half or more. During this time, the fermentation room has a cool but humid temperature. When being in the fermentation room the tea leaves become grainy, and blacker. This makes heavier, and stronger tea. Finally, the step to making tea is the drying process. After fermentation the leaf is passed onto a dryer to stop the leaves from fermenting any longer. Then, the tea is sorted and graded, packaged, and exported to its destination.

Laws Passed About Tea

In India, The Tea Cess Bill was passed around 1903 by the Government. During this time, there was no Tea Board. This bill had a tax on tea being exported in India. There was the Tea Act of 1953 which stated that there should be some sort of control over the tea industry in India and that was when The Tea Board was established The Adulteration Act of 1954, was passed to require special tests to make sure manufacturers were using quality goods and make good tea to have others drink. Now, many individual test are run to determine whether the tea can be exported.

Did You Know?

Prevents Disease

Tea has been said to lower your risk of diseases such as Parkinson's, type two Diabetes, and certain types of cancer. Tea is very healthy for you to drink.

What is Quality Tea?

Tea is judged on many factors. In the process of making tea, when the leaf becomes a copper color, that is a sign of a perfect tea to be. Also, when tasting tea, the manufacturers make sure the has good a good aroma, flavor, strength, color, and briskness.

Fun Facts

  • Seventy percent of tea is consumed in India.

  • Manufacturing of "Instant Tea" in India started in the 1960's

  • Tea is mainly grown in Nigliris, Kangra, Dareeljing, and Assam

  • India is the top exporter of Tea.