The Local Tribune

Written By Wallis McCrea

Fort Sumter

On December 26, 1860 Major Robert Anderson decided to move his troops from Fort Moultrie to Fort Sumter. Many people disagreed with his decision and later he learned his mistake. He slowly ran out of food and had very little ammunition and soon had only six weeks of food left in the fort. The confederates finally decided to take action on April 11, 1861. General Beauregard demanded Anderson’s surrender but Anderson refused. The ned morning the confederates opened fire on Fort Sumter. Because the Union had so little ammunition they had to be careful with it. Eventually Anderson surrendered and surprisingly no soldiers were killed in the battle.


The Antietam battle was very bloody, had many deaths and wounded, and started on the 16th of September, 1862. The Union was attacking the confederates and had a size advantage over them. The battle was spread out through Miller’s cornfield and the West Woods. The confederates had vicious counterattacks to the Union’s but the Union broke through. Unfortunately right after another group of confederates arrived and the Union was driven away. Even though it was considered a draw the Union counted it as a win and it was the victory Lincoln needed.


Grant was very wise in his move in Vicksburg. In April 1863 Grant moved in on the confederates fast. He defeated them and then headed to Vicksburg. The confederacy was deeply weakened by this attack. The Union then got a hold of the Mississippi River. The confederacy’s outcome in this was clear.


Lee led his soldiers north after his victory in Virginia. He was expecting a positive outcome and his plan was to weaken the north by affecting it’s cities and by winning a major battle. Lincoln urged the Union soldiers to do something. Lee then followed the Union to Gettysburg and the two armies met on July 1, 1863. The Union slowed down the confederates but more arrived which forced the Union to retreat. The Union then fell back south and finally forced the confederacy to retreat. The battle lasted three days.

Sherman's March to the Sea

On July 21 Sherman’s three armies were still separated. Hood decided this was the perfect time to attack. His plan being to ambitious did not go as planned. But by luck a Union army walked into their attack. Later on opposing commanders ran into each other and one was shot. The man shot turned out to be a friend of Sherman’s. Hood’s second idea worked until the Union launched the counterattack. The attacks failed and the Confederacy was forced to retreat.

Appomattox Court House

There were 9,000 men that launched an attack at 8 am. The Union was outnumbered and pushed back. More Union soldiers arrived though. Grant’s goal of destroying Lee’s army was near. Lee ordered a retreat. His decision was to surrender rather than destroy his army and soldiers. The surrenders set the prediction of the Union winning. Confederate troops returned to their homes while the Union soldiers were told not to over celebrate.

Fort Fisher

Major General Butler was relieved of command after his failure against Fort Fisher. Major General Terry was put in his place. He at first launched minor attacks on the fort. The Union then landed and prepared to attack. On the 15th they attacked from the rear in the afternoon. The confederates soon surrendered.

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Fort Fisher,. N.p., 2015. Web. 12 Mar. 2015.