Franklin D. Roosevelt

Leadership during WW2

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FDR's role in ending the depression and mobilize for war

Franklin Roosevelt established a series of economic programs that aimed to provide relief to the unemployed, reform business and financial practices, and recover the economy.


His first New Deal was aimed towards short-term recovery programs for all groups, known as "Alphabet Agencies". The Roosevelt Administration implemented banking reform laws, industrial reform, work relief programs and more.


His second New Deal implemented things such as the WPA relief program, Social Security Act, labor union support, and even programs to aid farmers. Several of his programs were ruled unconstitutional, but most were quickly replaced.


His efforts did not end the Great Depression, however they provided much needed aid during the hard times the U.S. were experiencing.

War Bonds

War bonds gave the U.S. military much needed assistance. Citizens could lend any amount of money to the government in order to help fund the war, and then would receive a certain amount of interest after ten years. They didn't have to lend much, but collectively, they were very helpful in assisting the war.

Rationing

Rationing among Americans insured that important materials such as rubber and gasoline could find their way into war production. Americans were given coupon books which limited the amount of certain goods they could by, allowing for excess goods to go to the war. Rationing of food items was also important to keep the active troops fed and healthy.


The rationing caused some problems for Americans, the main one being shortages of materials and foods. However, aware that the goods they aren't able to buy are going to the war, Americans compromised and began carpooling, recycling tires, and growing their own food, which brings us to the next point...

Victory Gardens

This was the nickname for the gardens which people set up on either vacant properties or in their own backyards. They grew their own food to avoid the limited supplies available to them. By 1943, over 20 million victory gardens were planted, which you can imagine made a huge difference in the war.

Volunteerism

Most of these subjects fall under the category of Volunteerism. Volunteerism is when the average citizens of the United States make an effort to contribute to the war. They aren't forced to, but do so out of good for the country. Things like, as mentioned before, rationing, war bonds, victory gardens, etc. Volunteerism was of utmost importance in the war.

Office of War Information (OWI)

the OWI worked closely with the media in order to encourage citizens to support the war effort. They made an effort to highlight common needs, minimize racial/economic division, and sort of downplay problems of poverty and crime. The media was the easiest way to communicate with the people, so you can imagine how effective this was during the war.

Industrial Production Changes

In order to stay on their feet during the war, the government would need constant production. To achieve this, they restricted job mobility. Many strikes were carried out throughout this time due to some wages falling behind the raising prices and tariffs, however it never seriously impacted production, and America was able to build a very powerful industrial network, which no doubt contributed to their victory.