Fourth Amendment

Valerie Tang

Bill of Rights IV

The rights of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.


Katz v. United States

Katz was transmitting illegal gambling information using public phone. There was an electronic bug placed on the outside of the phone booth. Because the bug didn't in anyway penetrate into the booth, the court, based on the president , should have allowed the evidence obtained from the bug. In 1969, the court continued to lean toward the accused and ruled that any defendants whose rights had been violated by electronic surveillance must have the opportunity to defend themselves against information gathered.


Polices walked pas you, looking through drawers and your belongings. You asked them, "What are you looking for?" They simply ignored you and continued roaming around your house. You called 911 and explained what was going on, they told you they were coming over right away. The next day at court, you said that they did not have a warrant and according to Amendment IV, they invaded it.


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