RENAISSANCE ART IN SPAIN

Architecture, sculpture and painting. 15th-16th centuries.

ARCHITECTURE

Based on Italian models.

3 types of renaissance architecture un Spain:

·plateresque (1500-1530)

-INSIDE : gothic

-OUTSIDE: renaissance. E.g. Coats of arms or meddallions

·purist (1530-1560)

-Adopted renaissance elements as the constunction according to the human size.

-Enlarged decorative elements as windows.

·herreriano (1560-1600)

-Simple setructure, a four-plan shape.

-Slate roofs.

-No decoration, except windows that aren´t decoration.

SCULPTURE

Sculpture were carved wood that then was painted.


CHARACTERISTICS:

-Polychrome, many colours.

-Very realistic.

-Religious themes to decorate the churches.

Sculptors- Berruguete and Juan de Dani.

PAINTING

Most remarkable painter was El Greco. He had a unique style:

-Enlongated figures, higher than they were.

-Strong lights.

-A different way of using colours as green, orange. purple or blue.

-Religious themes as the veneration of virgins.


LITERATURE

·VERSE became more important:

- There were two poetry academies in Spain (Seville and Salamanca).

- The verses used were composed of seven and eleven silabes.

- It was created a new genre, the eclogue (égloga).

-Garcilaso de la Vega was the most remarkable poet.


·NOVELS as el Lazarillo de Tormes or La Celestina belong to Renaissance period.



That image over there is from the Renaissance academy of Salamanca.