The Buddha ("Enlightened One") is an Indian Philosopher, Religious Teacher, and the founder of Buddhism. He was born a prince; his father tried to keep him hidden from the outside world and surround him with luxuries. He left the palace at age 29, in search of answers for his spiritual questions that perplexed him. He believed in Karma, Dharma, Ahimsa (nonviolence), rebirth/reincarnation, Moksha, and Nirvana. He taught people to live by the Four Noble Truths and follow the Eightfold Path.
WHEN & WHERE?
Born in 563 BC (Kapavilastu, India) and died in 483 BC (Kusinagara, India).
Siddhartha Gautama is important to history because he is the founder of Buddhism and the creator of the Four Noble Truths and the Eightfold Path.
"Buddha, The." Encyclopedia of World Biography. Detroit: Gale, 1998. Biography in Context. Web. 20 Nov. 2013.