The Russian Revolution

By Noe Chavez

What happened?

The Russian Revolution, the beginning of this era Russia were in poverty and the citizens had enough of it. The government were not being the best at leading the country and the first revolution took place between 1915-1917, where the beginning of World War I erupted in Russia. The Czar at the time, Nicholas II took control of the Russian armies and fought in the war. In spite of this, it had left a huge power vacuum the heart of Russia, St. Petersburg. According to History.com, "By 1917, Russia had lost faith in the leadership ability of Czar Nicholas II. Government corruption was rampant, the Russian economy remained backward..." (History.com) These factors led to the abdication, or renouncing one's throne of, Nicholas II. This led to Russia departing into many regions that did different things. One major group were the Bolsheviks, led by Lenin. They were trying to seize power in Russia since Czar Nicholas II was horrific at being a leader. The October Revolution was led mostly by the leaders of the Bolsheviks, Vladimir Lenin and Leon Trotsky (Lenin's right-hand man) were going to overthrow Alexanders Kerensky's government. As said in History.com "Bolshevik Party leader Vladimir Lenin launched a nearly bloodless coup d'etat against the provisional government" (History.com). According to History Learning Site, "The civil war occurred because, after the October/November Revolution, many groups had formed that opposed Lenin's Bolsheviks. These groups included monarchists, militarists and for a short time foreign nations"- (historylearningsite.com). The group that was mentioned in the quote were called the Whites opposed to the Reds who were the Bolsheviks. Vladimir Lenin was shot and seriously wounded but not dead. In response to this the Bolsheviks made the campaign of "Red Terror", which included the shooting of hostages for no reason and gave the power of arresting and execution of suspects to the secret police (the Cheka). The Red Terror was the superior force and the better army than the Whites. After the civil war that ended in 1920, the only thing that gave the Bolsheviks a threat was a mutiny where it demanded to release socialists from prison but Trotsky had no problem with dealing with that either. For the next 4 years, Trotsky and Stalin were deciding who would be the supreme ruler of the new totalitarian state of Russia. Trotsky had been deceived of Lenin's funeral (died by stroke) and left the capital of Russia all to Stalin to take over. Stalin had Trotsky exiled where Trotsky would go to numerous places but died in 1940 due to being gun downed by Lenin's hitman.

Were women playing a part in the Russian Revolution and how much and impact did they have?


The Bolshevik Party understood that women should not reach political or social equality unless they were working instead of staying at home. During the middle of civil war and foreign invasion, the Soviet government did what it could to socialize ‘‘women’s work’’, for the first time in history, full legal and political equality for women. Abortion was available on demand, dining halls, laundries and day-care centers were established, and the new regime made sure that there was equality of economic opportunity in the civil service, in industry, in the party and in the armed forces.

Bibliography

1. "Bolsheviks (12)." River Ridge Historypedia /. Web. 20 Sept. 2015.

Brett, Reed. "Bolshevik Russia." Bolshevik Russia. Web. 19 Sept. 2015. <http://www.johndclare.net/Russ6.htm>.

Johnclare.net I would say is a website made by several people with knowledge of their respective topic. This website mainly covers modern world history topics and additional topics. The creators of this website do have a textbook out which you can buy so someone published what these writers had to say. Great source of general information but lacks explanation in website.


2. Harrison, Mark, and Andrei Markevich. "VOX CEPR's Policy Portal."Russia's National Income in War and Revolution, 1913 to 1928. Web. 19 Sept. 2015.

<http://www.voxeu.org/article/russia-s-national-income-war-and-revolution-1913-1928>.


2. Voxeu.org was set up in June 2007 by professional economists. This website spreads research based work and economic status of specific eras. The audience of this website is tended for economists in government and very sophisticated people. So this has good value and finally the only limitation I can think is it may overwhelm people with all he information.


3. "Russian Revolution." History.com. A&E Television Networks. Web. 19 Sept. 2015. <http://www.history.com/topics/russian-revolution>.


3. History.com is well respected in the history community and they have their own website. They cover about anything related to History, current events, or things that happened hundred of years ago. Value wise is that it is correct information, but I feel that there is just a general overview of the subject you pick.


4. "The Russian Civil War - History Learning Site." History Learning Site. Web. 20 Sept. 2015. <http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/modern-world-history-1918-to-1980/russia-1900-to-1939/the-russian-civil-war/>.


4. Historylearningsite.co.uk was set up by Chris Trueman in 2000. Sadly passed away in 2013. But being continued by historians. This covers all kind of history from Medicine to the Cold War.Chris had about 32 years of experience of being a teacher and historians also contributing to this makes it valuable. The limitation is that it's from the UK so some vocabulary may be confusing.

Referred Sources

"Joseph Stalin." Britannica School. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 2015. Web. 20 Sep. 2015. <http://school.eb.com/levels/middle/article/277202>.


"Leon Trotsky." Britannica School. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 2015. Web. 20 Sep. 2015. <http://school.eb.com/levels/middle/article/277432>.


"Russian Revolution." Britannica School. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 2015. Web. 20 Sep. 2015. <http://school.eb.com/levels/middle/article/276821>.


"Vladimir Ilich Lenin." Britannica School. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 2015. Web. 20 Sep. 2015. <http://school.eb.com/levels/middle/article/275431>.