Variola (Smallpox)

By: Tyler Holm

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Where It's Found

Smallpox used to be found all over the world, now the virus completely dead except for the samples being held in labs in the United States and Russia.

Who is at risk

There is no longer much risk of anyone getting smallpox. There haven’t been any cases of smallpox reported anywhere in the world in 30 years. The last case was reported in Somalia on October 26, 1977.

Common Injuries and Symptoms

The symptoms of smallpox begin with high fever, head and body aches, and sometimes vomiting. A rash follows that spreads and progresses to raised bumps and pus-filled blisters that crust, scab, and fall off after about three weeks, leaving a pitted scar.

How Smallpox Spreads

Smallpox can be spread by prolonged direct contact with an infected person or by coming into contact with infected bodily fluid. It is rarely ever transmitted by air, and hasn't been know to transmit by insects or animals.


Smallpox can be prevented by using the vaccination but there is no known treatment. It's possible that the drug cidofovir might fight the smallpox virus, but as of now the best you can do is keep the person hydrated and give them medicine to lessen pain.