Rainforest

Fatima, Natalie, Corey, Kinsey, Victor

About Rainforests:

Most rainforests are located in the region between the Tropic of Cancer(north of equator) and the Tropic of Capricorn(south of equator), just above the equator. The climate is warm and relatively stable. Brazil, Congo, Peru, Indonesia, and Colombia are some of the main countries where you will find the largest rainforests. Rainforest are very important to our world. They help by providing a home to about half of the species of plants and wildlife on the planet. They also help recycle water.
Our rainforest is located in South America. The soil is moist, and fertile. It' usually rains 160-400 centimeters per year. The climate is humid, hot, wet, rainy, and at night it is usually cool. Thunderstorms are very common. The weather is usually the same every day. The weather feels like summer. It is very humid in the rainforest and that is because all the sunshine forms vapor which then forms clouds ,and that causes rain.
In a rainforest climate affects plants and animals a lot because the rain and heat help plants to flourish which then provides food for animals. In a rainforest you will receive 12 hours of sunlight.

Layers of a Rainforest

Emergent Layer: it consists of the tallest trees. They receive the most sunlight and the help protect the bottom layers of the forest.

The Canopy: here you can find other tall trees that grow close together. They block most sunlight to reach other bottom layers.

The Understory: you can find small trees, bushes, and plants that require almost no sunlight to survive.

The Bottom: this is the last layer and receives almost no sunlight, and it contains decaying materials.

Animals and Plants you will find!

In the Canopy layer you will find butterflies, bees, bats, hummingbirds, sloths, reptiles, and monkeys. Then in the Understory layer you will find Leopards, Squirrels, and other types of money's. The animals that live in the Canopy and Understory adapt to the forest conditions by swinging on vines , or climbing rather than walking. The bottom layer attracts mice, frogs, snakes , and deer. Within a mile you will find up to 100 different species of plants .

Mutualism

Capuchin monkey and Flowers: When a capuchin monkey feeds off of nectar from a flower by lapping it up, it gets pollen on its face. Then when it goes to another flowed it transfers the pollen to them. This so an example of mutualism because they are both being benefited.

Commensalism

Bromeliads: Bromeliads grow on high branches (they need enough sunlight to grow). This does not damage to the branch , and it allows the Bromeliads to grow. This is an example of commensalism because one is being benefited without harming the other one.

Parasitism

Fig: The strangler fig grows downwards and upwards and also winds around the tree which then kills the tree because it doesn't have enough sunlight. This is an example of parasitism because one is being benefited by killing/harming the other one.

Predator/ Prey

Red Poison Frog and Mosquito: When the frog is trying to fin food Mosquitos try to suck blood from it ,but the frog uses its long tongues to eat the Mosquito. The is an example of Predator/ Prey because the frog is the Predator and it's eating the Mosquito which is the Prey.

Competition

Plants: They compete for sunlight because most of it is blocked by the taller trees.

Monkeys: They compete for better trees with more fruits.