Battling a Substance Use Disorder
What is a substance use disorder?
A person with a substance use disorder suffers from an addiction to a substance such as a stimulant. Repeated use of the substance causes a disruption to the individuals normal functioning. Disruptions in ones life might include; failing to fulfill important responsibilities, putting ones life in danger to use or obtain the substance, and obtaining legal issues because of the substance (Nolen-Hoeksema, 2014).
There is a specific criteria that describes a substance use disorder (Greydanus, 2014):
- More drug consumption than intended
- Consistent longing to control the abuse/ failed attempts for control
- Persistent drug use despite knowledge of its negative consequences
- Spending excessive time in finding the drug or recovering from its use
- Reduction in positive living
If you are experiencing more than three of these criteria then you may be suffering from a substance use disorder (Greydanus, 2014).
The Substance: Stimulants
Causes of Substance Use Disorder
There are many factors that can contribute to why one person differs from another in regard to vulnerability to addiction. Specifically risk factors that lead to addiction can be biological or environmental (NIH, 2014). Biological risk factors include genetic make-up, gender or race, and stage of development substance exposure occurs (NIH, 2014). Environmental risk factors include conditions at home, in school, or economically (NIH, 2014). Genetic factors are said to make-up 40-60% of a persons risk alone (NIH, 2014). That is why it is important to know if you have a family history of addiction.
Misconceptions about Substance Use Disorder
Treatment: You are not alone
Make the decision to seek help today.
National Institute of Drug Abuse (2014) Drugs, Brains, and Behavior: The science of addiction. Retrieved from http://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugs-brains-behavior-science-addiction/drug-abuse-addiction
National Institute of Drug Abuse (2014) Drugfacts: Treatment approaches for drug addiction. Retrieved from http://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts/treatment-approaches-drug-addiction
Nolen-Hoeksema, S. (2014). Abnormal psychology (6th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill