By: Malayna Eudy
Who typically gets it?
People with fair skin, there's a higher risk for people with red or blonde hair and blue or green eyes. If you have sun sensitive skin, 50 + moles on your body. Higher risk if you have had bad sun burns, spent time in a tanning bed. Indoor tanning can increase your chances of getting it by 75%. May have an increased risk if you had breast or thyroid cancer. Runs in families. Also if you have had other skin cancers, especially another type of melanoma. You can also get it if you have a weakened immune system. White men 50 years or older. Most common cancer among people 25-29 years old. Even teenagers are getting it.
How is it typically treated?
- Surgery- can be removed if it is only on the skin (called an excision). Lymphadenectomy can also be done which is surgery to remove the lymph nods.
- Immune Therapy- helps patients immune system fight cancer
- Targeted Therapy- drugs that temporarily shrink the cancer
- Radiation Therapy
- Clinical Trial
- Adoptive T-cell Therapy- uses patients immune system to fight cancer
- Palliative Care- doesn't treat cancer, just improves a patient's quality of life.
The survival rate of melanoma depends on how deeply the melanoma has grown into the skin. It also depends on the stage of the melanoma. The higher the stage the lower the survival rate and the lower the stage the higher survival rate.