Legislative Branch

Help Wanted

What is the Legislative Branch?

The legislative branch is a part of the government, it is used to help with separation of powers.

-This branch is responsible for creating laws.

-Two parts within this branch: The House of Representatives and the Senate.

Requirements and How long

Senate-

-Each senator serves a six year term.

-To become a senator one must be: at least 30 years old, a citizen for the past nine years and must live in the state he/she wants to represent.


House of Representatives-

-Representatives are elected every two years

-Must be at least 25 years old, a US citizen for seven years, and must live in the state they wish to represent.

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Bill to a Law

1.)A bill is an idea that is created by the President or members of Congress.

2.)The bill is written down by a supporter in Congress.

3.)Then the supporter presents the idea to the House or the Senate.

4.)Next the bill is sent to a committee that is related to the topic of the bill. (For example and education bill is sent to the education committee).

5.)The committee discusses the pros and cons of the bill.

6.)The committee can make changes and then decides whether or not to pass the bill. If passed, the bill is sent to the House or Senate for approval.

7.)Regardless if the bill is sent to the House or Senate, members will decide if the bill should be passed and whether it needs more edits.

8.)The final step is the President's approval and signature. (The President can veto the bill).

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Differences

Differences:

House:

-All tax and spending bills start in the house.

-Only the house can impeach a government official.

-435 members in the House of Representatives.

-Number of representatives differs depending on the population of the state.


Senate:

-The senate debates over the pros and cons of a bill

-Sometimes a senator will give a really long speech to delay the process of passing a bill to a law. This is known as a filibuster.

-They discusses treaties with other countries.

-Approves of acquaintances the president elects.

-Select the vice president if their is no majority vote.

-There are two senators per state, which means there are 100 total senators.

-Each senator serves a six year term.

Implied and delegated powers of the congress

Implied:

-The implied powers are powers that the government will assume based on the constitution, these powers are needed but are not written in the constitution.

-The government can make these laws due to the elastic clause (stretches the power of the congress).

-Some examples of implied powers are standards for television and regulations for transportation. These laws are based off of the commerce law.


Delegated:

-The delegated powers are the powers specifically granted to the government in the constitution.

-These powers are written in Article 1 section 8 in the Constitution.

-A few of these powers are the ability to declare war, make citizenship rules, and collect taxes.

Important People

Speaker of the house = Paul D. Ryan

Majority Leader = Kevin McCarthy

Democratic Leader = Nancy Pelosi

Massachusetts Senators = Edward Markey and Elizabeth Warren

Vice President = Joseph Biden

President Pro Temp-ore = Orrin Hatch

Representative for Andover = Niki Tsongas

Democratic Leader of the Senate = Harry Reid

Political Party Leader of the Senate = Mitch McConnell

Works Cited

Works Cited

1.) "Branches of Government." Branches of Government. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Dec. 2015.

2.) "Congress for Kids: [Legislative Branch]: Introduction to the Legislative Branch." Congress for Kids: [Legislative Branch]: Introduction to the Legislative Branch. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Dec. 2015.

3.) "Delegated Powers - Boundless Open Textbook." Boundless. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Dec. 2015.

4.) Shmoop Editorial Team. "Implied Powers of Congress." Shmoop.com. Shmoop University, Inc., 11 Nov. 2008. Web. 01 Dec. 2015.

5.) "United States Government." US Government for Kids: Legislative Branch. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Dec. 2015.

6.)"U.S. Senate." U.S. Senate. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Dec. 2015.

7.)"Watch HouseLive." The United States House of Representatives · House.gov. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Dec. 2015.

8.)"High School American Government." High School American Government. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Dec. 2015.

9.)"United States Senate Stock Photos, Illustrations, and Vector Art." United States Senate Stock Photos, Images, & Pictures. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Dec. 2015.

10.)Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 02 Dec. 2015.

11.)"Explore Capitol Hill." U.S. Capitol Building. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Dec. 2015.

12.)"Laws." Laws. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Dec. 2015.

13.)"Murphy's Law: Paul Ryan Most Overrated Politician?" Urban Milwaukee Murphys Law Paul Ryan Most Overrated Politician Comments. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Dec. 2015.

14.)"Election 2012." Meet Joe Biden. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Dec. 2015.

15.)"Orrin Hatch’s Narcissistic Quest For Recognition." Above the Law. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Dec. 2015.