Chapter 16 Section 3
The Great Game
Great Britain and the Russia Empire began to struggle to control the region. Russian troops began to move southward, and British leaders wanted to stop them before the troops could threaten British's possessions in India.
Between 1949-1989, southwest of Semey (later renamed Semipalatinsk) became a vast nuclear testing site called "The Polygon". Scientists exploded 470 nuclear devises. The Polygon was so close to Semey that the citizen could see the mushroom clouds. Underground explosions cracked walls that were 50 miles away.
This is what the civilians saw when they looked outside their house.
This is what the Polygon looked like.
This is one of the buildings they use to put testing bombs in to see how effective they are.
Cultures Divided and Conquered
When the soviets took control of Central Asia they divided the region into 5 new nations that correspond to the largest ethnic group. They are Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Tajik, Turkmen, and Uzbek. Although the people of Central Asia are divided by a number if ethnic and political loyalties, there are unifying forces in the region as well. Most people often speak Russian, once the region's official language. Also, most Central Asians speak languages related to Turkish.