What opportunities did women have during World War II?
During WWII, as men went off to serve their country, roles were changing for women at home, giving them new opportunities in the workplace.
All the women who already had their pilot's licence before serving in the U.S. military were the first women to fly American military aircraft. They were flying planes on certain routes, transporting goods, practiced attacking, freeing thousands of male U.S. pilots for armed duty. Around 1,000 WASPs served and 38 died during the war.
WWII was a major turning point for women and the military. Women involved in the military was first resisted by many men. Some commanders who had once said "over my dead body" welcomed and asked for more. Once the war increased and qualified male qualified for military service rapidly decreased, every woman in the military one less man had to be chosen for the military.
WWII changed the U.S. The U.S. used to be an isolated country with small military establishment for self defence to a very strong military with forces around the world. In WWII the forces went from all male to mixed-gender forces. Almost 400,000 women were armed forces, more troops than total male troop in 1939.
Some responsibilities women had during WWII:
Army/Army Air Force/Women Airforce Pilots (WASPS)
Navy Nurse Corps/ Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service (WAVES)
Women Army Corps (WAC)
Marine Corps Women's Reserve
American Red Cross
United Service Organizations (USO)
Civil Air Patrol