Pizza Rolls Not Gender Roles

The Women's Liberation Movement

Expectations of Women in 1950's

  • Marry in early 20's
  • Start family quickly
  • Care for the home
  • No legal right to husband's earnings or property
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The theory of political, social, and economic equality of all genders.

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Workplace Inequality

  • Job opportunities for women usually limited to teacher, nurse, or secretary
  • Did not receive equal pay
  • Inequal job opportunities

Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC)

  • Made to investigate discrimination complaints based on race, color, national origin, religion, sex, age, and disability
  • Established July 2, 1965
  • Ignored sex discrimination complaints
  • Somewhat a failure for women's liberation

National Organization for Women (NOW)

  • Feminist organization
  • Founded in 1966
  • Formed out of anger from Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
  • One of the first women's organizations to include concerns of black women in their efforts
  • Main leaders included Betty Friedan and Pauli Murray
  • Battled workplace discrimination in courts
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Betty Friedan

  • Author of The Feminine Mystique (1962), a book that inspired housewives who felt unfulfilled
  • Major leader of feminist movement
  • One of the founders of NOW
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Gloria Steinem

  • Journalist that wrote influential women's liberation stories
  • Founder of Ms. Magazine (1971)
  • Very pro-choice
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Roe vs. Wade

  • 1973
  • Made abortion legal in the United States
  • A woman and her doctor could choose abortion in earlier months of pregnancy
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Equal Rights Amendment (ERA)

  • "Equality of rights under the law shall not be abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex."
  • First proposed in Congress by the National Women's Party in 192, written by Alice Paul and Crystal Eastman
  • Feminists of 1960's saw the ratification of the Equal Rights Amendment as a necessity
  • ERA supporters were met by the STOP-ERA supporters who believed in traditional family roles
  • ERA was never ratified
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Phyllis Schafly

  • Leader of the STOP-ERA campaign
  • Believed in traditional gender roles for women, despite having a law degree herself
  • Argued the ERA would bring many undesirable changes to American women
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The whole purpose of feminism is for men and women to make their own choices. This includes being a lawyer, or being a housewife. Either career is perfectly fine, as long as each individual chooses it for themselves.