Pizza Rolls Not Gender Roles

The Women's Liberation Movement

Expectations of Women in 1950's

  • Marry in early 20's
  • Start family quickly
  • Care for the home
  • No legal right to husband's earnings or property
Big image

Feminism

The theory of political, social, and economic equality of all genders.

Big image

Workplace Inequality

  • Job opportunities for women usually limited to teacher, nurse, or secretary
  • Did not receive equal pay
  • Inequal job opportunities

Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC)

  • Made to investigate discrimination complaints based on race, color, national origin, religion, sex, age, and disability
  • Established July 2, 1965
  • Ignored sex discrimination complaints
  • Somewhat a failure for women's liberation

National Organization for Women (NOW)

  • Feminist organization
  • Founded in 1966
  • Formed out of anger from Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
  • One of the first women's organizations to include concerns of black women in their efforts
  • Main leaders included Betty Friedan and Pauli Murray
  • Battled workplace discrimination in courts
Big image

Betty Friedan

  • Author of The Feminine Mystique (1962), a book that inspired housewives who felt unfulfilled
  • Major leader of feminist movement
  • One of the founders of NOW
Big image

Gloria Steinem

  • Journalist that wrote influential women's liberation stories
  • Founder of Ms. Magazine (1971)
  • Very pro-choice
Big image

Roe vs. Wade

  • 1973
  • Made abortion legal in the United States
  • A woman and her doctor could choose abortion in earlier months of pregnancy
Big image

Equal Rights Amendment (ERA)

  • "Equality of rights under the law shall not be abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex."
  • First proposed in Congress by the National Women's Party in 192, written by Alice Paul and Crystal Eastman
  • Feminists of 1960's saw the ratification of the Equal Rights Amendment as a necessity
  • ERA supporters were met by the STOP-ERA supporters who believed in traditional family roles
  • ERA was never ratified
Big image

Phyllis Schafly

  • Leader of the STOP-ERA campaign
  • Believed in traditional gender roles for women, despite having a law degree herself
  • Argued the ERA would bring many undesirable changes to American women
Big image
The whole purpose of feminism is for men and women to make their own choices. This includes being a lawyer, or being a housewife. Either career is perfectly fine, as long as each individual chooses it for themselves.