Battle of Stalingrad

Alexis Becker

The Battle

In July 1942, the Nazi Army bombed the Soviet City of Stalingrad, starting one of the bloodiest battles in history. The nations involved were Germany and the Soviet Union. The leader of the German Army was Adolf Hitler. Hitler was a decorated veteran of World War I. He was appointed chancellor in 1933 and gained popular support when his first six years provided economic growth after the Great Depression. General Paulus led the Germans in the Battle of Stalingrad. The Russian Army was lead by Joseph Stalin. He adopted the name Stalin which means "man of steal." The city of Stalingrad was named after Joseph Stalin. General Zhukov led the Russian army in the Battle of Stalingrad, Zhukov was in charge of Defenses in Stalingrad.

Goal of the Battle

Hitler's goal was to take Stalingrad because he believed that the city dominated the Caucasus and its old fields. He also believed that by taking Stalingrad, it would eventually lead to the fall of the Soviet Union.

Stalin's goal was to keep control of Stalingrad. He also believed it held symbolic meaning. The city of Stalingrad was important because it was the center of communications and the center of manufacturing during the war.

Date and Location of the battle

Friday, July 17th 1942 at 9pm to Monday, Feb. 2nd, 11pm

102 ulitsa imeni Rokossovskogo

Volgograd, Volgograd Oblast

This battle was fought in and around the city of Stalingrad.

Key Military Strategies

One of the key strategies of the Germans was mobility. The German Army was very mobile and could easily surround and overwhelm Russian armies that usually surrendered soon afterwards. Their original intent was to control the river by gunfire and destroy the arms factories and Barricade works.

The Russians had heavy artillery guns and their tanks and aircraft managed to trap the Germans in Stalingrad. They knew that if they could trap them in Stalingrad lots of them would die off during their harsh winters. Then the Soviets launched a counterattack and drove the Nazi's back.

Outcome of Battle

The outcome was that Germans were defeated. The Soviets victory was a huge humiliation to Hitler. The long lasting impact was that most historians believe this battle was the turning point of World War II.