AMERICAN REVOLUTION

SIX SIGNIFICANT EVENTS FROM 1765 TO 1783

REVOLT AGAINST GREAT BRITAIN

The American Revolution period is known as the war of independence which was carried out by American colonists seeking separation from Britain. A series of events lead to this war. The Americans believed that they were entitled the same rights as Englishmen. Britain, however believed the American colonies were just colonies and could be used in whatever way Great Britain saw necessary. The war between the two groups was inevitable.

Boston Massacre

The presence of British troops in Boston was problematic for Boston's politicians. It was only a matter if time before British troops and American colonists would clash. That day came on March 5th 1770. Five colonists were shot and killed by British Troops in Boston on March 5th 1770. British troops claimed they were attacked by colonists, hurling rocks and stones at an attempt to cause harm. Their response was to open fire on the colonists. The death of the colonists outraged Americans and became known as the Boston Massacre, one of the most significant events leading up to the Revolution.
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Boston Tea Party

A group of patriots, also known as the Sons of Liberty, disguised themselves as Mohawks in order to infiltrate ships carrying tea from the East India Company. They boarded the ships and threw 342 chests of tea into the Boston Harbor. Their act was in response to a parliamentary ruling which imposed restrictions on the purchase of teas in the colonies. The American colonists believed Britain was unfairly taxing them on tea; the revenue was to meet Britain's financial obligations brought on by the French and Indian War. Additionally, colonists believed the tax was unfair because they were not represented in the Parliament decision that agreed to implement the tax.

Battle of Saratoga

British and German troops forged an ally campaign against the Americans colonists. The Battles of Saratoga were a sequence of conflicts that evolved into the Battle of Saratoga and ultimately the surrender of the British. The Battle of Saratoga, October 17, 1777, was a victory for the Americans and considered a turning point during the American Revolution.

Sons of Liberty

Thursday, Dec. 16th 1773 at 10am

This is an online event.

Dr. Thomas Young will be discussing "Ill Effects of Tea on the Constitution." All colonists are invited to attend this political meeting. Meeting to be governed by The Sons of Liberty.

Battle of Yorktown

The Battle of Yorktown was the last large scale battle of the American Revolutionary War. It ended in victory for the American colonists. On October 19, 1781, the British surrendered to General George Washington and laid down their arms. The British army was massacred and the American Revolutionary war was at the end.

The Proclamation of 1763

The Proclamation of 1763 was a decree passed by British Parliament in an attempt to make a land boundary between the 13 colonies of America and Native Americans. The border would be the Appalachian Mountains, running north and south. It stated that Native Americans could settle west of the border and colonists east of the border. Colonists who were already in the western region were ordered to vacate. The King was hoping the agreement would appease the Native Americans and prevent further attacks on colonists. In addition, troops would be reduced and Great Britain would save money. The colonists felt the King was on the side of the Native Americans and resented the authority of Great Britain for this proclamation. Eventually this proclamation was superseded by other treaties which favored expansion for the colonists.

EDITORIALS

JOIN, or DIE

by Benjamin Franklin Cartoon in the Pennsylvania Gazette


May 9, 1754This cartoon shows a snake cut into eight pieces, each labeled with the name of one of the colonies. The position of each colony in the snake corresponds to the geographic position of the colonies along the American coast, with the snake's tail pointing south and the head pointing north. The colonies, from tail to head (south to north), are: South Carolina, North Carolina, Virginia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, New York, and New England (New England refered to the colonies of Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, and New Hampshire). The caption reads, "JOIN, or DIE."

The cartoon appeared along with Franklin's editorial about the "disunited state" of the colonies, and helped make his point about the importance of colonial unity. At the time, there was a superstition that a snake which had been cut into pieces would come back to life if the pieces were put together before sunset.

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Common Sense by Thomas Paine

Common Sense is a pamphlet written by Thomas Paine in 1775–76 that inspired people in the Thirteen Colonies to declare and fight for independence from Great Britain in the summer of 1776. The pamphlet explained the advantages of and the need for immediate independence in clear, simple language. It was published anonymously on January 10, 1776, at the beginning of the American Revolution and became an immediate sensation. It was sold and distributed widely and read aloud at taverns and meeting places.
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