Buchenwald

By Stephanie jones

Introduction

Buchenwald was the largest concentration camp in 1937. SS authorities opened Buchenwald for male prisoners in July 1937. Women were not a part of Buchenwald concentration camp system until late 1943 or early 1944. A lot of people work to death or didn't eat enough. The men were skin a bone. Some men didn't have shelter or have showers. 250,000 prisoners were held at Buchenwald concentration camp. 56,000 people were killed, 11,000 Jews were killed in that bunch.

Weimar

Weimar was best known as the home of leading literarily figure Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe. During the nazi regime "Weimar" was became associated with the Buchenwald concentration camp. The Buchenwald was 5 miles away from Weimar. Weimar is a part of Germany. In Germany 1945,us soldiers escorted German civilians from the nearby town of Weimar through the Buchenwald camp. Jehovah's witnesses, Roma and sinti ( gypsies), and German military deserters at Buchenwald.

About the camp


Electrified barbed wife fence, watch towers, and a chain of sentries outfitted the automatic machine guns, surrounded the main camp. The detention area also known as the bunker was located at the front entrance of the camp. The SS often shot prisoners in the stables and hanged other prisoners in the crematorium area.

Forced labor

During the world war 2, the Buchenwald concentration camp system became an important source of forced labor.The Nazis singled out Jewish laborers for cruel treatment. In the Lodz ghetto, for example, the Nazis opened 96 factories.The ability to work could save someone's life but it was only for a short while because most people were weak and didn't have enough food. The Jews worked all day everyday. They were the first ones to be shot down or die off because they don't have energy to work any more, but if they didn't work they would be killed anyway. If any men didn't work they would be killed right on the spot or they would put them into a gas chamber.