EDUCATION AROUND THE WORLD

NETHERLANDS

Educational System


Primary School: from 4 to 12 years old--> 8 years.



  • The first two years are more like play school.
  • From grade 3 onwards though they learn to read, write and do sums.
  • In grade 4 they are aptitude tested to gain an indication of the secondary education stream they may follow.
  • Many schools introduce English in grades 7 and 8.




Secondary Education:

When they are 12 , students then proceed directly to high school where they will follow one of several education models according to their aptitudes and the inclination of their parents.


This education models are the following:


  • Vmbo model : combines vocational education with academic subjects over a period of 4 years. Within this model there are several subdivisions ranging from preparation for leadership positions through to entirely practical training aimed at immediate job market compatibility. It is a prep school for vocational secondary education. Those who achieve the highest level can enter HAVO studies. VMBO graduates must continue studying until age 18 or until they obtain a basic qualification.


  • Havo has 5 grades aimed at promoting suitability for polytechnic tertiary education. Senior general secondary education. Provides entrance to higher professional education at vocational universities.


  • Vwo spans 6 years in total and is in theory sufficient qualification to enter university.Within this model there are further specializations such accenting classical languages, or developing artistic skills.Pre-university education. Prepares students for academic studies at a research university

TYPES OF SCHOOLS


  • The main difference is that state schools don’t require students to have a certain religion or belief.



State Schools:


  1. Are open to all children.
  2. Are subject to public law and state-funded.
  3. Are governed by the municipality.



Private Schools:


  1. Two thirds of Dutch children attend private schools.
  2. Classes are given from a religious point of view (e.g. Jewish, Islamic, Protestant) or pedagogical point of view (e.g. Montessori, Freinet, Jenaplan, Dalton).
  3. Are not set up by the state; Are run by the board of the association or foundation.

SCHOOL HOLIDAYS

  • Christmas holiday: from 19-12-2015 to 3-01-2016.
  • Spring break: from 27 of february to the 6th of march.
  • May holiday: from 30th of april to the 8th of may.
  • Summer holiday: from 9th of june to the 21th of august.
  • Autumn break: from 15th to 23th of october.

AVERAGE NUMBER OF STUDENTS

  • Nursery:maximum 14
  • Primary: maximum 24
  • Secondary: maximum 15.

CITO TEST

Cito Is a multiple-choice test and it is designed to measure aptitude, rather than content knowledge in Dutch, math, comprehension skills, study skills and “world orientation”.

Nursery Classrooms

Nursery classrooms are located in an area of the school building, which is specifically designated for the youngest children in the school. Each class features toilets which are accessible for the children directly from the classroom. The outdoor play and learning areas can also be directly accessed from the classrooms.

Just under a third of the 659 secondary schools are run by the public authority. English is a compulsory subject. VMBO pupils study one modern language and HAVO/VWO pupils at least two.

CANADA

Educational System


  • Pre- elementary: 4-5


  • Elementary: 6-14


  • Secondary: 14-18



- Education in Canada is public and free from kindergarten to high school. However, there is also a wide private academic offerings. 95% of Canadians choose public education for their children.

There isn't a national educational system

Each of the ten provinces and three territories, that integrate this country, legislate in their area and have their own curricula and freedom to implement as needed.

BILINGUALISM IS HIGHLY RESPECTED

  • French and English as official languages.
  • Right to education in both languages is protected.
  • Students, whose mother tongue is English are guaranteed public schools that give classes in their language access; and so does the French speakers living outside Quebec.

PERSONALIZED ATTENTION TO IMMIGRANT STUDENTS

To ensure that students from abroad arrived not lag behind the rest of students:


  • They are assigned a coordinator who serves them full time and who are aware of their educational progress.

CHARACTERISTICS

1. Secondary centers try to focus on the workplace.


2. Continuous evaluation is assessed.


3. Classroom diversity.


4. Importance to social and emotional education is given.

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Andrea Carbonell and Carla Martín

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