Monica Santiago & Elvia Muniz

History of Volleyball

William G. Morgan was the creator of volleyball, he combined basketball, baseball, tennis and handball. Before volleyball got its name it was called mintonette, a friend of William said that the game was like volleying the ball back and forth over a net and volleyball would be a better name for the game. In the first game of volleyball was played in 1896 July 7 at Spring Fill College. Then during the 1900s the ball for volleyball was created and the game started to spread around the world. In 1995 the game was 100 years old! During 1957 the International Olympic Committee designated volleyball as an Olympic team sport, to be included in the 1964 Olympic Games.

Rules to Volleyball

The objective in volleyball is to keep the ball from striking the floor on your

side of the net and return it so that it strikes the floor on your opponent’s

side, before they can return it.


 The ball is put into play by the right back position (1) from behind

the rear boundary line using either an underhand or overhand serve.

 The serve must go over the net within the court boundaries on the

other side. A serve that hits the net and still goes over to the other side

is a good serve and referred to as a “let serve”.

 The ball can only be played with 3 touches, per team, per play, and

then must be sent over the net. The ball can go over the net with less

then 3 touches without penalty.

 The ball may not be hit 2 times in a row by any one player.

 Only front row players are allowed to contact the ball above the net

with intention to attack. However, a back row player may attack the

ball upon the net if they are behind the 10 ft. line.

 If the serving team loses the serve (ball lands on their own side or ball

is hit out of bounds), the other team obtains service and a point. This

is called a side out/point.

 A ball that lands on the boundary line is considered “in”.

 For every side out made, the team that is awarded the serve must

rotate in a clockwise manner.

 If the ball hits the ceiling and goes over the net, it is a dead ball. If the

ball hits the ceiling and falls back onto the original side, it is playable

if there are still hits available.

 In rally scoring, a point is awarded at the end of every play no matter

who is serving.

 Each game is played to 25 points and the winning team must win by at

least 2 points.

 The match is a best of 5 contest. Court and equipment

 The court is 60 ft. long and 30 ft. wide

 The boundary lines are 2 inches wide.

 A 4 inch line divides the court at 30 ft.

 A men’s net is 8 ft. high

 A women’s net is 7 ft. 4 1/8 inches.

Court Positions:

Right back

Center back

Left back

Left front

Center front

Right front

Volleyball Terminology

1. Block: Defensive play by the player(s) in the front row who place

their hands and arms above the net so that a spiked ball rebounds into

the opponents court.

2. Pass: The forearm pass made on balls below the waist.

3. Game Point: The last point in any game.

4. Set: The overhead pass using the fingertips of an open hand

5. Rotation: The shifting of players, clockwise, just before a new person


6. Attack: An approach to the net, a vertical jump, and a forceful hit of

the ball down onto the opponent’s court.

7. Touch: When a player attempts to block the ball unsuccessfully and it

continues onto their own side of the court. This does not count as one

of the 3 hits allowed per side.

8. Tip: Attempting to “trick” the defense by dumping the ball right over

the net.

9. Defensive specialist (DS): A player who only plays in the back row.

10.Libero: A DS that wears a different color jersey from the rest of the

team that can enter the back row ONLY for any player throughout the

game. This does not count against the teams substitution count.

11. Substitution: At a dead ball opportunity, the coach signals the

referee that he/she would like to make a player change. In volleyball,

once a player subs in for another player, they cannot return in the game for a different player. A total of 18 substitutions are allowed per