What are Stem Cells ?

by, Rushil Jani

What are Stem Cells?

Stem cells are a class of undifferentiated cells that are able to differentiate into specialized cell types. Commonly, stem cells come from two main sources:

Where do Stem Cells come from?

They come from embryos formed during the blastocyst phase of embryological development (embryonic stem cells) and adult tissue (adult stem cells).

What are potential Stem Cell therapies?

Potential stem cell therapies are organ and tissue regeneration, cardiovascular disease treatment, brain disease treatment, cell deficiency therapy, and blood disease treatments.

Stem Cell Controversy

The debates surrounding stem cell research primarily are driven by methods concerning embryonic stem cell research. It was only in 1998 that researchers from the University of Wisconsin-Madison extracted the first human embryonic stem cells that were able to be kept alive in the laboratory. The main critique of this research is that it required the destruction of a human blastocyst. That is, a fertilized egg was not given the chance to develop into a fully-developed human. The core of this debate - similar to debates about abortion, for example - centers on the question, "When does life begin?" Many assert that life begins at conception, when the egg is fertilized. It is often argued that the embryo deserves the same status as any other full grown human. Therefore, destroying it (removing the blastocyst to extract stem cells) is akin to murder. Others, in contrast, have identified different points in gestational development that mark the beginning of life - after the development of certain organs or after a certain time period.

My opinion on Stem Cells.

I think that stem cells are really good and beneficial to people because it can provide the following treatments: tissue regeneration, cardiovascular disease treatment, brain disease treatment, cell deficiency therapy, and blood disease treatments. And provide treatment for athletes who have suffered fatal injuries.