India Newsletter

By: Maria Roth

Big image

Populations Infestation

Overpopulation seems to be more common throughout the world. India, a country with a population of over 1 billion, proves this to be true. It is currently the second most populated country in the world, behind China, however, in 2030, it is estimated that India will surpass this country and become the world's most populous nation. The government has attempted to decrease this gradual growth with "modern birth-control techniques." It was slightly effective, for it brought the nations growth rate from 2% to 1%.

Jobs have been effected with this big boom in population, but it has been done so in a positive manner. Employment rose from 26.4 million in 1990 to 28.1 million in 1999 at the rate of only .65 percent a year. The amount of jobs are increasing with the population and India is booming economically with the help of other countries.

Another thing that is problematic is how the environment and land in India is dealing with this dense, and growing, population. Since there are so many people, trash, waste, deforestation, soil erosion, air pollution and other forms of environmental degradation are occurring. The government is trying to in force more pollution standards, however if India continues on the path it is going, its land will be unarable in a matter of years.

Big image

Irresponsible Acts to Suffer Afterwards: An Insight into the Issues of Pollution and People in India

India is in a state where environmental crisis' are very common due to the overpopulation of the country. In fact, forty-six percent of all houses in Mumbai are less than 100 square feet. It is common to see, " entire neighborhood sharing the same tap because potable water is hard to come by." These small spaces of housing creates mass pollution due to the amount of people.

The Ganges River has also been negatively effected. In Hindu culture, it is a tradition to bathe and drink from this sacred river, however, toxic waste, untreated sewage water, and partially burned bodies are dumped here. This negatively effects the population that uses this river for their benefit.

Industrial plants are very popular in India. It is not unlikely to see them release toxic waste into the air every day. People are experiencing health issues do to it and an even bigger carbon footprint is being created. Deforestation is common as well, for, in the 20th century, India had lost 386 square miles to deforestation. Many exotic and native animals are suffering from this loss, and as a result, are dying from poachers, polluted water, and ingesting trash and toxic waste.

The combination of overpopulation and pollution does not have a good outcome. India has suffered tremendously from these effects and it should be anticipated that we will see countless more environmental catastrophes in the future.

Big image

Where did all the jobs go? Outsourcing.

India has become one of the number one locations for outsourcing, especially for the information technology and the business process organizing industries. Outsourcing is very beneficial for India because it opens up the opportunity of jobs for the population. With the number of people in India and the age structure, 75% of its population is under the age of 35, a large labor force is present. India also has the second largest English-speaking population and a developed educational system. Today it is assumed that, "800,000 indians work in outsourcing positions."

There are some down falls from outsourcing like employees in the U.S loosing their jobs to people on the other side of the world. Also, Indian workers in these positions make between one-sixth and one-tenth of what U.S workers in the same position earn. Also, many business risks are involved in outsourcing. The, "United States' strict intellectual property rights overseas," is strongly enforced, and there has been several privacy violations in India. This is a concern to many companies because, ".. there are no data privacy laws in India and no way to enforce U.S law overseas."

Outsourcing has its benefits and faults and has created controversy around the world. However, it has benefited India and has helped keep its economy stable.

Big image

Sexual Abuse, The Ignored Problem

Gang rape, sexual assault, and abuse towards women has been a huge problem in India. Northern India has seen this more frequently than any other part and men who are put on trial receive punishments ranging from a few years in prison to death. Many protests throughout this country have been held and members of the government are creating committees such as the Verma Committee, which talks and votes over this domestic issue. Also, India has a very set view point that men are better than women. It is commonly believed that a women's purpose in life is to service the men, so when domestic violence, rape, and assault takes place, the men are simply justifying their actions by saying the women were servicing them. Overall the brutality of this situation is astounding and the call for action is necessary. Although the Indian government and external organizations are trying to stop this problem, the treatment of women in India remains the same.
Big image

The Cast System

The cast system has been a large part of society and has controlled India for thousands of years. It organizes every individual into social classes and rankings, you are born into your destiny. However, due to this ranking of individuals, discrimination and poverty has taken place for those in the lower class. There is about 600 million poor people trying to survive and make a living in South Asia. In fact, in India there are 350 million people who live on less than one dollar a day. 180 million to 220 million of those people are considered to be in the lowest cast in India. Many of these people cannot get jobs because of their cast, for most are untouchables. Many of the people of the lower casts have also been denied proper education, therefore stripping any chance for them to get a reasonable job. It is commonly believed that even a glance at an untouchable can, "...pollute your standing in a higher caste position..." Therefore, many lower casts are often ignored or mistreated.
Big image