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Location: In the central of east Africa

Capital: Kigali

Government: Democratic

Independence: 1 July 1962

Rwanda map and flag
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Rwanda has a subtropical climate all the year.

Rwanda is the African Great Lakes region is highly elevated. It has a numerously lakes all around the country.

The population is young and predominantly rural, with a density among the highest in Africa.

Rwandans is drawn from just one cultural and linguistic group, the Banyawada, although within this group there are three subgroups: the Hutu, Tutsi and Twa.


The president is Paul Kagame of the Rwanda Patriotic Front (RPF), who took office in 2000. Rwanda today has low corruption compared with neighbouring countries, although human rights organisations report suppression of opposition groups, intimidation and restrictions on freedom of speech. The country has been governed by a strict administrative hierarchy since precolonial times; there are five provinces delineated by borders drawn in 2006. Rwanda is one of only two countries with a female majority in the national parliament.
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Rwanda Cuisine

The cuisine if Rwanda is based on local staple foods produced by the traditional subsistence in agriculture and has historically varied between the country's different ethnic groups.

National Dishes

Matoke is made of streamed and baked platains.

Ibihaza is made from pumpkins cut into pieces, mixed with beans and boiled without peeling them.

Ground nuts paste Ikinyiza and Millet flour paste umuntisima w buru both of these pastes are made from boiling water and flour, mixed to a porridge like consistency.

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The country's principal and most spoken language is Kinyarwanda. The major European languages during the colonial era were German and then French .

English and French are official languages.


Prior to 2012, the Rwandan government provided free education in state-run schools for nine years: six years in primary and three years following a common secondary programme. In 2012, this started to be expanded to 12 years. A 2015 study suggests that while enrolment rates in primary schools are "near ubiquity", rates of completion are low and repetition rates high.