Operation Torch

"The soldier is the army." -Major General George Patton

Operation Torch

This is an invasion of Northern Africa to get troops in and clear the continent of Axis soldiers. General Dwight D. Eisenhower was in overall command.He was commanding from his headquarters in Gibraltar, and gave command to Major General Patton, Major General Fredendall and Major General Ryder.

This was British and American soldiers (Allied Powers) against Vichy France (French troops who supported the Axis Powers.).

Axis Generals: Admiral Francois Darlan, General Alphonse Juin, General Charles Nogues.

Allied Generals: Major General Patton, Major General Ryder, Major General Fredendall.

Operation Torch

Sunday, Nov. 8th 1942 at 9pm to Tuesday, Nov. 10th 1942 at 11pm

Northern Africa; Casablanca, Oran, Algiers

Operation Torch

On November 8th, the Western Task Force neared Casablanca, lead by Major General Patton. This Task Force consisted of U.S. 2nd Armored Division and the U.S. 3rd and 9th Infantry Divisions. It consisted of 35,000 men.They landed in Safi, Fedala, and Port Lyautey. By the 10th the French were surrounded and did not see an alternative so they surrendered to Patton.

The Central Task Force departed from Britain and consisted of the U.S. 1st infantry Division and the U.S. 1st Armored Division with 18,500 men. It was commanded by Major General Lloyd Fredendall. They landed on beaches west and east of Oran, but had difficulties landing because of insufficient reconnaissance. Overcoming the problems the were then met with stubborn French resistance. Fighting was heavy and lasted a whole day, but the French surrendered on the 9th.

The Eastern Task Force was commanded by Major General Charles W. Ryder and his U.S. 34th Infantry Division. Efforts to land directly in the harbor failed, but Allied forces surrounded the city and the French surrendered at 6:00 p.m. on the 8th.

General George S. Patton

General Patton was born on November 11, 1885 in San Gabriel, California. He wanted to be a war hero from a young age. On June 11, 1909, he graduated from West Point and in 1910 he married a childhood friend, Beatrice Ayer. In 1915 he was sent down to the Mexican boarder, leading cavalry patrols. In 1916 he aided John J. Pershing, the commander of the American Expeditionary Forces in Mexico. He served in both World Wars, and in World War Two he hit the point of his Military Carrier. General Patton died on December 21, 1945 in a hospital in Heidelberg. He had a Memoir "War as I Knew It" published in 1947 and a movie made about him in 1970 that won seven Academy Awards. General George S. Patton is considered one of the most successful field commanders in U.S. history.