Peanuts

Megan Owens

Top Producing States

Top Producing States include Georgia, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Texas, New Mexico, and Oklahoma. Georgia produces almost half of the peanuts grown in the US.

Uses For Peanuts

Oil is used for margarine, peanut butter, and cooking oil. Lower value of oil is used for soaps and lubricants. Meal cake is used for livestock feed and fertilizer.

Anatomy and Growth

Peanuts are planted from peanuts planted last year. The stem emerges from the ground. Forty days later, flowers bud for less than a day. The little yellow flowers pollinate themselves. After the flowers die, pegs, or stems, grow from the buds and into the ground next to the roots. From the pegs grow the pods. The overall growing process for peanuts takes 4-5 months.

Harvesting

The farmer brings a digger through the peanut field. Blades go under the soil, sever the tap root and bring the roots to the top. Then a combine comes and takes the peanuts off the vines and puts the peanuts in a hopper.

Pests

Pests include army worms and cowpea aphids that eat on above ground plant parts. Southern corn root worms eat plant parts under ground. Pesticides are used in Southern states to keep pests away.

Fun Facts

The average American consumes more than six pounds of peanuts and peanut butter products each year.
Two peanut farmers have been elected presidents: Thomas Jefferson and Jimmy Carter
Archibutyrophobia (pronounced A’-ra-kid-bu-ti-ro-pho-bi-a) is the fear of getting peanut butter stuck to the roof of your mouth.