Temperate Forests

By Cameron and Riley

Where are temperate forests located?

Forests dominate 1/3 of our Earth. Temperate forests can be located in China, Japan, New Zealand, Spain, South Africa, Chile, Marquis, Andes, Alps, and the Himalayas.
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Temperate Deciduous Forest

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Abiotic Factors

Temperate forests have important abiotic factors such as rocks, soil, air (oxygen), sunlight, water (snow, rain, humidity). The pH of the soil influences the trees and plants living in a forest as well, the pH level in the temperate forest is a 6 which is neutral, yet ideal. Temperature affects temperate forests as well, if temperatures are not maintained, a forest will not live. Forests must have sufficient sunlight to grow and obtain photosynthesis. Without rainfall in the temperate forest, trees could not grow and it would simply be a grassland! The rainfall is plentiful, raining about 30 to 50 inches per year. Fallen leaves and twigs from trees help add nutrients to the top soil of the forest.

Biotic Factors

Biotic factors such as broad-winged hawks, cardinals, snowy owls, and pileated woodpeckers and mammals such as white-tailed deer, raccoons,opossums, porcupines and red foxes. These animals are professionals in adapting to the changing seasons of the forest.

Temperate Forest Food Web

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This food web of the temperate forests above clearly displays the producers, primary consumers, secondary consumers, and tertiary. The producers are the trees, fungi, soil, and flowers, while the consumers are the deer, rodents, birds, and insects. Then, the small predators of those consumers are the foxes, owls, birds, and skunks, and then finally the largest predators, the cougar and bears.

What is the dominant vegetation found in temperate forests?

The temperate forest has two layers of vegetation. The soil gets more light than a tropical forest because of the less trees and more light reaching the ground. Ferns, mosses, and lichens are rich in growth. Plants and fruits grow mostly during Spring when the trees have not fully formed yet. The big main trees located in this biome are beeches, sycamores, oaks, aspens, walnut trees, lime trees, chestnut trees, birches, and (only in America) tulip trees!
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What organism adaptations have evolved for survival in this biome?

Harsh winters provide little food supply for organisms in the Temperate forests. Bears and mice tend to burrow themselves to lower their metabolism and sleep during the cold season. Frogs produce a large quality of glucose to prevent their organs from freezing. A lot of organisms in the forest have the ability to become camouflage and blend in with the surrounding environment for survival. The stomach area of squirrels are lighter than their backs which lets them blend in with trees and ground as the sun reaches it. Some squirrels have brown fur during the summer and lighter fur during the winter.

Plant Adaptations

The deciduous trees in the temperate forests have thin, broad, light-weight leaves that can capture a lot of sunlight. This allows them to make food by photosynthesis. New leaves grow in the spring, after the trees drop their leaves when the weather starts getting cold to lessen their water loss before the snow weighs them down. Temperate forest trees also have thick bark to protect against cold during the winter seasons.

Quick Video about the Temperate Forest

The Temperate Deciduous Forest

Works Cited

"Adaptations to A Temperate Deciduous Forest Biome." Temperate Deciduous Forest Biomes. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 May 2016.

"Temperate Forests." WWF Conserves Our Planet, Habitats, & Species like the Panda & Tiger. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 May 2016.

"Climate:." Temperate Rainforest. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 May 2016.

"The Forest Biome." The Forest Biome. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 May 2016.

"Temperate Forests." WWF Conserves Our Planet, Habitats, & Species like the Panda & Tiger. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 May 2016.