Endangered species of Hawaii
- Elepaio are birds of Hawaii,
- covered with brown and white feathers with a white rump and white bars on dark wings.
- Weight: 12-18g, height: 5 inches.
- Live for only 12 years.
- They communicates through bird calling.
- Special feature: they help canoe builders choose the right tree for canoes.
- The elepaio birds inhabited most forested areas from sea level to tree line on Hawaii, Kauai, and Oahu.
- They live under the climate of tropical, or wet.
- Built nests, held together by spider webs, in the ohia or other trees. Nesting are about from January to August, depending on population.
- The Elepaio bird is listed as an Vulnerable species by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and the State of Hawaii.
- -Habitat loss due to urbanization and agriculture caused range reductions in the past
- Their population had been declined be 96% since the arrival of humans, and 75% declined since 1975.
- There are only about 2000 of them left in Hawaii.
REASONS FOR ENDANGERMENT
- Nest Predation from black rats
- Storms/ Heavy rainfalls, destroying their nests.
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"Breakfast on the porch of our tropical treehouse.”Flickr N.p.. Web. 12 Apr 2013. <http://www.flickr.com/photos/mezzaninerex/6437024123/>.
"Forest floor." Flickr. N.p.. Web. 21 Apr 2013. <http://www.flickr.com/photos/kenai/3396137681/>.
“Elepaio." Arkive. N.p.. Web. 21 Apr 2013. <http://www.arkive.org/elepaio/chasiempis-sandwichensis/>.
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"Elepaio." Youtube. N.p.. Web. 22 Apr 2013. <https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=7RJOZOMfL1U>.