1. Introduction of most of the main characters
2. Old Major explains how the animals are being mistreated.
3. He tells them about his dream of how it would be paradise without the humans.
4. The animals all sing a song called "Beasts of England" and Old Major explains that anything on two feet are enemies, and anything that has wings or has four feet is a comrade.
1. Old Major dies.
2. The animals try to carry out his dying wish by planning a rebellion.
3. Some animals are troublesome but the pigs prime all the animals for the rebellion.
4. The rebellion starts and the men are drove out of the farm by the animals.
2. Every Sunday the animals have a meeting and decide on how things should be handled.
3. There are lots of disagreements between Snowball and Napoleon.
4. The animals get outraged that the pigs take all the milk and apples for themselves, but Squealer explains that they need it to think better, so the animals let them have it.
2. Mr. Jones has began to go back on the farm.
3. The animals launch an attack against the humans at that point and defeat the humans.
4. One sheep dies, and Boxer unintentionally killed a stable boy and feel guilty, but Snowball tells him not to.
5. Snowball and Boxer receive medals and discover a gun.
6. They decide to fire the gun twice a year, on the anniversary of the Battle of Cowshed and on Midsummer's Day, the anniversary of the rebellion.
2. Snowball and Napoleon have a big disagreement on if they should build a windmill or not, which divides the animals into two groups.
3. Nine dogs drive out Snowball and Napoleon takes charge.
4. Napoleon manipulates the animals into thinking that he is always right and Squealer convinces them that Snowball is a traitor and criminal.
2. Construction begins on the windmill.
3. Napoleon trades supplies with Mr. Whymper.
4. A storm hits, and the windmill is destroyed. Napoleon said that Snowball did this, and casts a death sentence on hi.
2. Napoleon sells four-hundred eggs a week to get money for things they need, but the hens rebel.
3. They hear that Snowball visits the farm every night, and when something goes wrong by chance, Snowball is blamed.
4.More animals die, and "Beasts of England" is replaced with a new song.
2. The animals complete the windmill.
3. Mr. Frederick and his men blow up the windmill, so the animals attack him, but some animals die, and Boxer gets heavily injured.
4. Another commandment is changed from "No animal shall drink alcohol." to "No animal shall drink alcohol to excess."
2. The animals rations are reduced while the pigs and dogs get good nourishment.
3. Napoleon is elected president, and more false stories about Snowball occur.
4. Boxer dies :(
2. Squealer and Napoleon walk on their hind legs, and sheep shout "Four legs good, two legs better!" Also a commandment has changed from "All animals are equal" to "all animals are equal, but some animals are more equal than others."
3. Napoleon tries to act like a human.
4. Napoleon and Mr. Pilkington have a meal together, and they play a card game. When both play the Ace of Spades, they each accuse each other of cheating. This is when the animals can no longer distinguish which of the card players is the pig and which is the human.
All Characters and What They Symbolize
2. Napoleon - He represents Stalin, who was the second leader of the Soviet Union.
3. Old Major - Represents Vladimir Lenin, who was an original communist leader.
4. Mollie - Mollie represents Russia's upper class
5. Benjamin - was a donkey that could read like as well as pigs, but chose not to.
6. Boxer - Boxer the horse represents the working class, because he never stopped working no matter what happened to him.
7. Clover - Clover represents Boxer's female counterpart
8. Moses - The raven symbolizes the Russian Orthodox Church, because he didn't do anything beside tell stories about Sugar Candy Mountain.
9. Squealer - Represents the Russian media because he Napoleon's version of the truth to the masses.
10. Muriel - The white goat is very literate, but doesn't represent much.
11. Mr. Jones - The farmer, represents the last Tsar of Russia, Nicholas Alexandrovich Romanov.
12. Mr. Frederick - The owner of Pinchfield represents the leader of Germany.
13. Mr. Pilkington - Owner of Foxwood, doesn't represent anyone in particular, but maybe a Leader of England.
14. Mr. Whymper - He represents a solicitor living Willingdon. He acted as an intermediary between Animal Farm and the outside world.
15. Sheep - The sheep represent the masses at large.
16. Dogs - They represent the military or police, because they protect their leader, Napoleon.
17. Ducklings - The ducks and ducklings represent peasants, because they are used only for their eggs.
The Corruption of Socialist Ideals in the Soviet Union
Animal Farm allegorizes the rise to power of the dictator Joseph Stalin. In the novella, the overthrow of the human oppressor Mr. Jones by a democratic coalition of animals quickly gives way to the consolidation of power among the pigs. Much like the Soviet intelligentsia, the pigs establish themselves as the ruling class in the new society.
The Societal Tendency toward Class Stratification
The Danger of a Naïve Working Class
The Abuse of Language as Instrumental to the Abuse of Power
In Animal Farm, the pigs gradually twist and distort a words of socialist revolution to justify their behavior and to keep the other animals in the dark. The animals heartily embrace Major’s visionary ideal of socialism, but after Major dies, the pigs gradually twist the meaning of his words. As a result, the other animals seem unable to oppose the pigs without also opposing the ideals of the Rebellion.