Whitetail deer

Odocoileus virginianus


Height: 53-120 cm

Length: 95-220 cm

Weight: 110-300 lbs

Physical Appearance

In the summer the deer are a brownish tan color, and in the winter they are a grayish brown. They have white under their throat, around their eyes and nose, on its stomach, and its underside of its tail.


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Mammalia

Order: Artiodactyla

Family: Cervidae

Genus: Odocoileus

Species: Odocoileus virginianus

Life Span

Whitetail deer have the potential lifespan of 11-12 years, but rarely live longer than 5 1/2 years old. They can live to be older if they learn to avoid danger. The age of a mature deer can be determined by thee bottom row of teeth.


The whitetail is an herbivore. They mainly feed during the early morning hours and late afternoon.


White-tailed deer communicate in many different ways using sounds, scent, body language, and marking. When a deer is alarmed, it may stomp its hooves and snort to scare other deer or predators off. It may also "flag" or raise its tail to display its white underside. These deer also have a keen sense of smell and hearing.
Deer Huffin n Puffin - Stomping its feet - Wild Animals in the Yard

Population size

They are a nuisance pretty much everywhere.


White-tailed deer can live in a a variety of habitats, including farmlands, brushy areas, woods, mountains, and gardens.

The deer can be found in southern Canada and most of the United States except for the Southwest, Alaska and Hawaii. A deers home is usually less than a square mile.

Conservation status

The deer are extremely common throughout their ranges and are the most numerous of the large North American mammals.


Archery is from September 28-December 31.                                                                  Firearms are November 25-December 7.                                                                      Antlerless deer October 24-26 (public land only)  November 25-December 7, December 19-21 and December 28-31 are public and private land.                                                         Muzzleloader December 9-14.                                                                                                    Everyone must have a tag, which you can buy or put it for one.  As soon as you kill your deer you MUST tag it. You can tag your deer anywhere on its body, like the antlers or legs.