The Downfall of Macbeth
The Witches Cause Macbeth's Downfall
The very first prophecy the witches say to Macbeth is just one of the few reasons why they are to blame for his downfall. Macbeth meets the witches very early on in the play, they discuss with him about how he will soon become thane of Cawdor and then will become king, “All hail, Macbeth! Hail to thee, Thane of cawdor!... All hail, Macbeth, that shalt be King hereafter!”(Act 1, scene 3). This was the beginning of the end for Macbeth, as the first of the prophecies comes true he believes he will become king. This thought drives him to the murder of the current king. Another way these witches caused the downfall for Macbeth is they have convinced him that Banquo and his son are threats to him so he sends murderers to take care of this for him, at this point Macbeth is already king and does not want anyone or anything to take that away from him, “When first they put the name of king upon me.. They hailed him father to a line of kings. Upon my head they placed a fruitless crown..”(Act 3, scene 1). The worst part of Macbeth’s downfall was him murdering Macduff’s wife and child, if the witches would have never told Macbeth to beware Macduff this would have not happened, “...Beware Macduff; Beware the Thane of Fife. Dismiss me. Enough”(Act IV, scene 1). I believe this is true, the witches being the cause of Macbeth’s downfall, because they were the first to give Macbeth the idea of becoming king and they caused many more problems following that.
Macbeth and Banquo have just gotten done talking to the witches about the first prophecies, “Were such things here as we do speak about? Or have we eaten on the insane root? That takes the reason prisoner?”(Act 1, scene 3). The literary device being used here is symbolism. It is being used to describe the way the two characters feel after speaking to the witches. This shows that Macbeth and Banquo feel as if they should have eaten a plant that makes them go insane, because the witches prophecies just could not be true. In this scene Macbeth and Lady Macbeth are discussing the nightmares both are having about the murder of Duncan, “ ...Ere the bat hath flown…”(Act 3, scene 3). This literary device is an example of imagery because it is trying to get across that something bad earlier in the night is going to happen, by saying that before the bats and beetles fly something will go down. This scene is when the witches are back in the play to tell Macbeth his future yet again, “Say, if th’hadst rather hear it from our mouths or from our masters”(Act 4, scene 1). The literary device being used here is allusion. This is because the witches mention their masters, which is being referred to the demons that the witches basically work for. This shows the readers that the demons are in control of these witches.
Connections to Macbeth
The song Legend by Drake is a good representation of who Macbeth is as a person, “...They can’t live this long you don’t know where you’re gonna go i got this mapped out strong..”. Another part of the song that could fit him well is, “if i die, I’m a legend…” these lyrics begin at 41 sec. These lines are good at resembling Macbeth because he can supposedly live longer than most, as it says in the book Macbeth can not be killed by anyone who is born from women and can not be defeated until woods walk. Another point is that now that Macbeth has been king, he believes he is very important and nobody else should take his place. So the line “if i die, I’m a legend…” fits him very well.
The movie The Wizard of Oz resembles Macbeth because the bad witch in the movie attempts multiple times to destroy the main character Dorothy's life. The witch's biggest power is having control over her creatures that she will send out to do her dirty work, which can refer back to the witches in Macbeth because they have demons controlling them and making them do the dirty work.