Dr Gallemore ophthalmologist

LASIK Surgery to Fight Eye Cornea Diseases


LASIK as a surgery is among the most favored eye surgical treatment techniques all around the world. This method is no less than a revolution in the field of ophthalmology, which has actually simplified the general procedure of eye surgical treatment by making it less complicated and also by reducing the long recovery periods. Further, Lasik treatment makes sure improved accuracy in comparison to older procedures.

LASIK is the acronym for Laser-assisted In Situ Keratomileusis. This method was collectively established by by Dr. Ioannis Pallikaris of Greece and Dr. Lucio Buratto of Italy at 1990. They developed this surgery by fusing 2 techniques - keratomileusis and keratectomy. The LASIK treatment includes three phases: the pre-operative stage, the operation itself and the post-operative and recovery stage. Nowadays, LASIK is widely practiced by specialists to treat vision astigmatism, farsightedness and nearsightedness.

The procedure of Lasik Treatment

As discussed above, LASIK treatment has three phases:.

Pre-Operative Phase.

During the Pre-operative stage the patients undergoes the following regulative steps:.

Clients are refrained from wearing contact lens for a period of 7 to 10 days.

Initial assessments of client's cornea are done to identify abnormalities in corneal shape.

This examination is carried out with the help of a computer-controlled scanner, which creates a map of the person's cornea by shooting low-power lasers, Check here.

Based on the examination of these maps, the surgeon decides upon the amount of corneal cells to be removed.

Normally, the patient is put on mild antibiotic to avoid the possibilities of corneal infections during post-LASIK surgery.

The Operation.

Initially, a computer is set to track the position of the eye at speeds of 4,000 times per second, during the entire operation.

The patient is given localized anesthesia in the kind of an eye drop. The patient can be kept awake during the operation or can be given a sedative.

Next, utilizing a femtosecond laser, the initial incision is made to cut a flap of the cornea at the designated area.

The cut flap is folded back in order to expose the mid-section of the cornea, which is called as stroma.

Next, using a computerized excimer laser the stroma is reshaped.

Finally the corneal flap is folded back to it's original, and smoothed out with a soft instrument.

Post-Operative Stage.

After the surgery, the eyes are checked again to examine the correction, and ensure success of surgery.

The patient is advised to take another pill of sedative after 6 hours and to sleep for the next 12 hours.

The patient must adhere to the eye drop and vitamin routine prescribed by the cosmetic surgeon for the next 6 months.

Patient must complete all follow up visits to ensure the cornea is healing smoothly and with the least complications.

Probable Side Effects of the LASIK Surgery.

If anybody is thinking of getting Lasik Treatment, then it would be helpful if they understand beforehand about certain complexities associated with this surgery. The following is a list of possible side effects that a patient may experience post surgery:.

Striae, or wrinkles in the corneal flap.
Erosion of the epithelium.
Double vision.
Decentered ablation.
Induced astigmatism.
Sensitivity to light.
Halo/starbursts near sources of light.
Visual acuity fluctuation.
Under/overcorrection.

However, there are only a few cases, where patients report any such negative effects, as well as if taken place, these get recovered within 2 weeks to 6 months.

LASIK as a medical procedure is one of the most favored eye surgery techniques all across the world. Further, Lasik treatment ensures reduced reliability in comparison to older procedures.

They established this surgical treatment by fusing two strategies - keratomileusis and keratectomy. The LASIK treatment involves three phases: the pre-operative phase, the operation itself and the post-operative and recuperation phase. Nowadays, LASIK is widely practiced by professionals to help with vision nearsightedness, astigmatism and farsightedness.

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