Animal Poaching

By Sarah Packman

Rhinos

•From 2008 to 2014, 2,778 rhinos were poached in South Africa

•Within the first 17 days of 2014, an estimated 37 rhinos were poached, and 6 alleged poachers were arrested

•While the number of arrested poachers has increased steadily, the number of poached rhinos has increased at a faster rate

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Elephants

•The elephant population declined from 1.3 million to 600,000 between 1979-1987

•An international ban on commercial ivory trade was passed in 1990 in response to this

•Matriarchs, the eldest adult females in elephant social groups, have a high mortality rate because of their large tusks and conspicuous social groups

•China is the largest market for ivory, and The United States is second largest

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Effects of Poaching

Poaching affects the ecosystem because without these animals, the population of plant-life becomes uncontrolled, which has negative effects on the soil and the atmosphere. Additionally, poaching is a large source of funding for terrorist groups in Africa.