Southeast Asia

Olivia, Lauren, Anna

Geography

-Two major regions between India and China

-Several peninsulas and over 2000 islands

-Countries include Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam and part of Malaysia

-Separated by mountains and many plateaus

-River valleys were home to many early civilizations

-High volcanic activity

-Lies between the tropics

-Fertile plains suitable for rice crops

-Oceans are shallow and warm

-Islands are usually covered in jungles

Society


Pagan Kingdom-

849-1287

Kyaswa, best leader

Located in Burma


Khmer Empire-

802–1431

Largely formed by Indian cultural influences

Fought repeated wars against the Annamese

They invaded Champa

1434- The Thai captured Angkor, fall of empire


Srivijaya Empire-

650–1377

Mahayana Buddhism

Became stopping point for Chinese Buddhist pilgrims on their way to India

1000- controlled most of Java

1025- Chola seized Palembang, captured the king and carried off his treasures, and also attacked other parts of the kingdom

Became smaller after 12th century

Interesting Facts

Anna

Pagan Empire

  • King Anawratha filled capital city with magnificent stupas (domestic shaped shrines)
  • They were a monarchy
  • They had extravagant temples

Khmer Empire

  • Adapted Indian writing, mathematics, architecture, and art
  • Rulers became pious Hindus and saw themselves as god-kings
  • King Suryavarman II built the great temple complex at Angkor Wat

  • An accomplishment is large scale irrigation

Srivijaya Empire

  • They controlled the Strait of Malacca
  • Their peak leader was Srimat Trailokyaraja Maulibhusana

Works Cited

(n.d.). Retrieved December 17, 2015, from http://travelfree.info/wp-content/uploads/2015/09/thailand-03.jpg

(n.d.). Retrieved December 17, 2015, from http://www.iapb.org/sites/iapb.org/files/worldmap-southeast-asia-cropped.png

(n.d.). Retrieved December 17, 2015, from http://www.abercrombiekent.co.uk/burma/images/Bagan-Myanmar-Balloons-1024x460.jpg

Introduction to Southeast Asia. (n.d.). Retrieved December 17, 2015, from http://asiasociety.org/introduction-southeast-asia

Srivijaya Empire. (n.d.). Retrieved December 17, 2015, from http://empires.findthedata.com/l/150/Srivijaya-Empire

Civilizations of Early Southeast Asia. (n.d.). Retrieved December 17, 2015, from https://tackk.com/ru2599