Southeast Asia

Olivia, Lauren, Anna


-Two major regions between India and China

-Several peninsulas and over 2000 islands

-Countries include Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam and part of Malaysia

-Separated by mountains and many plateaus

-River valleys were home to many early civilizations

-High volcanic activity

-Lies between the tropics

-Fertile plains suitable for rice crops

-Oceans are shallow and warm

-Islands are usually covered in jungles


Pagan Kingdom-


Kyaswa, best leader

Located in Burma

Khmer Empire-


Largely formed by Indian cultural influences

Fought repeated wars against the Annamese

They invaded Champa

1434- The Thai captured Angkor, fall of empire

Srivijaya Empire-


Mahayana Buddhism

Became stopping point for Chinese Buddhist pilgrims on their way to India

1000- controlled most of Java

1025- Chola seized Palembang, captured the king and carried off his treasures, and also attacked other parts of the kingdom

Became smaller after 12th century

Interesting Facts


Pagan Empire

  • King Anawratha filled capital city with magnificent stupas (domestic shaped shrines)
  • They were a monarchy
  • They had extravagant temples

Khmer Empire

  • Adapted Indian writing, mathematics, architecture, and art
  • Rulers became pious Hindus and saw themselves as god-kings
  • King Suryavarman II built the great temple complex at Angkor Wat

  • An accomplishment is large scale irrigation

Srivijaya Empire

  • They controlled the Strait of Malacca
  • Their peak leader was Srimat Trailokyaraja Maulibhusana

Works Cited

(n.d.). Retrieved December 17, 2015, from

(n.d.). Retrieved December 17, 2015, from

(n.d.). Retrieved December 17, 2015, from

Introduction to Southeast Asia. (n.d.). Retrieved December 17, 2015, from

Srivijaya Empire. (n.d.). Retrieved December 17, 2015, from

Civilizations of Early Southeast Asia. (n.d.). Retrieved December 17, 2015, from