Task 2, Practical Team Sports

Kyle Ucarer


Court And Equipment

The court is 60ft long and 30ft wide

A Centre line is marked at the Centre of the court dividing it equally into 30 feet squares

The attack line is marked 10 feet on each side of the centre line of the court

A service line is marked 10 feet inside the right side-line on each back line

A men's net is 8ft high

A women's net is 7ft 4 inches

the height of the ceiling should be a minimum of 23 feet, preferably it should be higher

Their are uniforms one for each team (making sure they do not clash)

A volleyball which is 25.6 to 26.4 inches in diameter and 9.1 to 9.8 Lbs in weight.

A scoring board

Court Positions

Right back- This is where the ball gets served from

Centre back- Protect the back of the court

Left back- Protect the left hand side of the back of the course

Right front- To protect any balls that just come over the net in his position or spike the ball in that area

Centre front- to spike the ball at the front

The positions change every time they win back the point so that they serve, they change going in a counter-clockwise direction


You can score a point for many things which are if you hit the ball and it hits the oppositions side in bounds of the playing surface. You can also get a point if you hit the ball over and the opposition hits the ball more than 3 times. You can also get a point if the ball is near the net and the opposition hit the ball softly and then hits the net, it is allowed if you hit the ball hard and you cant stop yourself from hitting the net. The games are the best three out of five games to 25 points, teams must win by at least two points for games to end even if the score is higher than 25.


At a dead ball opportunity, the coach signals the referee that they would like to make a player change, in volleyball once a player is substituted for another player they cannot return in the game for a different player a total of 18 substitutions are allowed per game.

3 Situations

Hitting the ball over the net and then following through and touching the net. We were playing volleyball when someone in the class hit the ball near the net the ball wasn't hit hard enough for the person to hit the net so their was a lot debate on the court with the referee, it clearly states that if the ball gets hit with enough force that you cant not touch the net then it is acceptable to touch it because of the follow through since it wasn't hit hard enough I don't think it was acceptable to play on, the point should have been awarded to the opposite team.

The ball going right at the back of the court the linesman rules it out but the referee overrules it in and awards the point. What happened was the ball got served from one side right to the back of the court onto the other side everyone started a discussion as to whether the ball was out or in, the linesman was right next to the ball when it hit the floor and he ruled it out, but then the referee who was sat in the centre overruled the decision to award the point. The rule book states that the referee's decision is final in a debate between officials but I don't think he should have as he wasn't in the correct line of site to see the ball go out and even so he was a lot further away to know the right decision.

The ball being hit more than once in a row by one player. We were playing the game and then the ball got spiked over and the player hit the ball and because it was close to him he hit the ball again and then play carried on until they won the point, the opposition did pick up on this and began a discussion with the referee, they were arguing that they should get the point because he hit it twice in a row which is correct as the rule book says that the ball is not allowed to be hit more than once by one player in a row, it is allowed to be hit by the player then hit by someone then him but not twice in a row, so the point in my opinion should have been awarded to the opposite team as rules are rules.


Court and equipment

The court is depending on the venue size normally 20m by 10m down to 14m by 7m. All players must play within the boundaries unless of course they are out. In an official game they are not allowed to go and get the ball from outside as their is normally ball boys or girls to get them. A neutral area separates the 2 sides in the middle the players from either side are not allowed to touch the line with any part of the body or they will be out of the game. 4x larger balls and two smaller ones which only the female team members may throw, female players can throw the larger balls too.

Teams and matches

Each team consists of 6 players with a minimum of two female players in league matches – other events depend on the specific tournament rules. Teams may change their personnel in between sets but not during, except in the case of injury when they may use a substitute.

Matches are normally best of 3which are usually timed 2.5 mins per set. Once the time is up, the team with more players remaining wins the set. If it is level, the team to get the next person out wins that set. The pitch may be shortened when it is down to one-on-one. If a team has more players remaining they cannot hold onto balls to waste time. The referee is allowed to stop the watch until balls are thrown, especially in the final 30 seconds of a set so no cheating takes place.

The Rush and outs

Each team stands behind the back line. The dodge balls are placed along the centre of the pitch and on the referee’s whistle players rush to get the balls. Once you have a ball, you have to return that ball to the baseline before it is in play (before you can throw it). you can run it back to the back wall or you can throw it to a team mate. A LIVE ball hits their body (shoulders or below) or their clothing and then hits the floor or a wall.

Players are out when:

An opposition player catches a LIVE ball. If your opponent catches your throw then you are out and one of their team comes back in from the bench, they are in order from the first person who is out who comes back in first. If you catch it then it is your job to call in your teammate.
• Once you are out, you must leave the pitch immediately and join the queue of players already eliminated from your team behind the pitch area.
honesty is the key as If a ball even brushes your clothing you are out. it is the players job to make the game fair. Anyone seen blatantly cheating will receive a red card and be suspended from the next match.

Blocks, out of Bounds and Headshots

A player can block a throw with a ball they are holding, with play continuing as normal, as long as the ball they are holding isn’t knocked out of their hand. if it is then they are deemed as out.

if you step out of bounds you are out, if you catch a ball and the momentum takes you completely out you are out, if you keep a part of your foot on the floor in boundaries then you are in still and the catch counts. If you try to dodge the ball but end up outside of the area you are out. If it is a tie then you must stay within the baseline at all times – there is no leeway.

Players have to be hit at shoulder height or below to be called out, if you get hit in the face then you are not out, If a male player hits a female player in the face, he is then out but if a female player hits a male player in the face they are not out.

Yellow & Red cards

yellow card are given for:
- Jumping the queue when your team catches someone's ball.
- A male player hitting a female player in the head with a throw they wont if they have ducked into it.
For language, persistent foul play, dissent.
- Cheating where a player is caught or hit, and obviously knows it, and tries to stay in. Or when a player comes back into play knowing they should not be in play.

red card are given for
Foul & Abusive Language directly at a referee or another player
threatening behaviour towards a player, official or spectator at any point in during the event.
– or at the referee’s discretion.
The player is out of that whole match with no replacement allowed and potentially suspended for more matches, if the referee thinks he deserves it.

3 situations

A player gets hit with the ball. We were playing a game of dodge ball and a player was cheating because they got hit with the ball slightly off the opposition and he stayed in play, the referee did not pick up on it but the opposition did so then play carried on and then when they lost they were arguing saying he shouldn't of been in, it is solely down to the player but the rules and I think that if you get hit then you should be out, but also the player has got a big part in being honest.

A player got hit in the head. We were playing and then a player got hit in the head but the referee told him to go out and obviously clearly stated by the rules he shouldn't of went out and continued on with play but the referee told him to go so I think instead of making a straight forward decision he should of taken a few seconds to think as he could of sympathised for the player and left him in.

A player gets hit he is out and then he gets hit again and a team mate catches it.

in the same game someone hit an opposing player and no one caught it so he was out but then someone from the same team hit the same player and then someone caught the ball from his team, since he is already out I don't think he should of been able to come back in but the referee disagreed, I'm not sure he seen the full thing but he let him stay in and the second person who threw the ball at him left the playing area, the rules state that any person who is hit isn't in play so really that ball that came off him shouldn't of counted as a catch so he should of left the pitch and the guy who threw the ball should have stayed in.