Qualifications of Congressmen and Job Expectations
Senators- You must be at least 30 years old, citizens of the United States for nine years, and residents of the states from which they are elected. The senate selects its officers, including a presiding officer who serves when the vice president is absent or has become president of the United States.
House of Representatives- You must be at least 25 years old, a citizen for seven years, and residents of the states which send them to Congress. Representatives introduce bills, resolutions, offers amendment and serve on committees.
Meeting times of Congress
Powers Granted To Them
- Naturalization and Bankruptcy
- Post Office
- Copyrights and Patents
- Declare War
- Rules for Armed Forces
- National Guard
- Nation's Capital
- Elastic Cause
Rules of Congress
- Congress can't legally exclude victorious candidates who met all requirements.
- Each house can punish members for disorderly behavior and can expel a member by 2/3 votes
- They need a complete record of everything said on the floor, as well as roll call votes on bills or issues.
- Neither house may adjourn for more than three days or move to another location without the approval of the other house.
How a Bill Becomes a Law
Both committees (house and senate) come up with a bill. A bill has to pass in both the U.S. House of Representatives and the U.S. Senate and has to be approved by the President. If the President vetoes it it can be overridden by 2/3 in both the Senate and the House, and the bill becomes a law over the President's objections. The bill then becomes a law and is enforced by the government.