Shark blood can cure cancer

Savanna Clausen 7SC103

Pre Introduction

The common name for the animal I will be using is Shark. Sharks are found in all oceans and are usually at the great depths of 2,000 meters. Sharks don’t usually live in fresh water but sometimes you can find a bull shark or a river shark. The scientific name for a shark is a Selachimorpha, and the meaning for this name is cartilaginous fishes. The classification for a shark is Elasmobranchii, we can tell because the shark has a spine made up of cartilage rather than of bone. The shark adaption that helps scientists to further technology is structural, because IgNar was in sharks blood from the time they were born right up until now, The sharks blood has been seen to have IgNar inside which helps fight off diseases. Dr Helen Dooley said, "We believe we can exploit the novel binding of IgNAR and use it to stop HER2 and HER3 molecules from working, and prompting cancer cells to grow and divide," she explained. So IgNAR might be a possible cure for breast cancer. Which would be absolutely amazing because we need a cure for cancer as cancer has killed off 7.6 million people per year. IgNar is a special antibody found only in sharks with the miraculous power to cure cancer. This technology helps humans by creating a possible cure for cancer, the horrible, horrible illness killing 7.6 million people per year. And breast cancer killing off 100,000 women per year.

Introduction

Scientists have studied shark blood to come to the conclusion that shark blood has IgNAR which is an antibody that is made up of 2 heavy chains and not the 2 light chains usually found in antibodies. Scientists believe that shark blood could possibly be the cure for cancer because the compounds found in shark blood can stop cancer cells from growing. $320,000 was donated to The University of Aberdeen from the U.K nonprofit Association for International Cancer Research to explore shark IgNAR antibodies.
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Impact on the Environment and the Economy

There is a problem with this absolutely amazing technology, which is that when scientists take the blood from the shark they might have to kill the shark. Which, adding up with shark finning might cause sharks to go seriously endangered or even one day extinct. This would cause HUGE problems for the world. Because the food chain would go out of place, and there would be too many octopi and fish which would cause the seas to over crowd. and already 70 million sharks are killed each year! This would most definitely have an impact on the environment and the economy. I have come up with a solution that is, instead of killing off the whole shark they could just use a syringe and take a blood sample like when humans do blood donations.

Advantages of my solution

The advantages of my solution are that we could get shark IgNAR without actually killing the sharks. Which would be absolutely amazing because then sharks can go about doing shark things, like killing and eating fish, seals and sea lions. Which would keep the environment exactly like its meant to be.

Disadvantages of my solution

The disadvantages of my solution are that to get the blood from the shark the shark will have to be above the water and if he is above the water he wont be able to breath and might die. Another disadvantage is that when they take the shark blood how will the shark get his blood back?
Taking Blood from A Shark
I have watched the above video and realised that they do actually take the blood using a syringe. Which will be better for the environment, the food chain, human healing as well as the well being of sharks. They draw blood and "Genetically engineered antibodies are deployed successfully in cancer diagnostics and therapy. Therapeutic antibodies against Alzheimer's disease and multiple sclerosis are currently under development."
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The diagram above is a Structural model of the IgNAR shark antibody

BIbliography

Heavy-chain antibody. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heavy-chain_antibody

Shark blood antibodies may hold potential treatment for breast cancer. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.cbsnews.com/news/shark-blood-antibodies-may-hold-potential-treatment-for-breast-cancer/

SHARKS may help fight breast cancer, new research shows. (2013, September 26). Retrieved from http://www.mirror.co.uk/news/technology-science/science/sharks-help-fight-breast-cancer-2306853

Taking blood from a shark [Video file]. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FSCNbdiIDow

(n.d.). Retrieved from https%3A%2F%2Fwww.tum.de%2Fen%2Fabout-tum%2Fnews%2Fpress-releases%2Fshort%2Farticle%2F31512%2F