Causes of WWI

4 main causes that led to a world wide war!

Nationalism

In years previous to WWI, there was a spirit of nationalism swept across Europe. Nationalism is pride in one's own country. Nationaalism resulted in many counries having a concern for their own interests with those of Europe as a whole. Nationalism also to form of some ethnic groups that were wanting to establish their own independence.


Militarism

In order to protect self interests, many nations adopted militarism. Militarism is the process by which a nation builds up its military might for the purpose of intimidating and deterring other countries.


Alliances

Alliances are agreements between nations to help each other in the event of the war. By 1914, almost no nation in Europe could become involved in military conflict without the whole continent being pulled in with it. The Central Powers were Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Turkey. The Allied Powers were the United Kingdom, France, and Russia. The US entered this war in 1917.


Archduke Francis Ferdinand (1863-1914)

The spark that created the "Great War" or the "War to End All Wars" finally happened on the date of June 28, 1914. Archduke Francis Ferdinand was the heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary. He was visiting the province of Bosnia.

Serbia

Members of the "Black Hand" believed the Bosnia belonged to Serbia rather than Austria-Hungary. One of the nationalists assassinated Archduke. Austria-Hungary then accused Serbia of plotting the assassination and threatened to go to war. Russia said that since they had Serbia's back and supported them that Russia themselves would have to intervene if needed and begin mobilization. Mobilization is a term used to say one is readying the troops for war.


Kaiser Wilhelm II (1859-1941)

Germany was in a mix with Austria-Hungary because of their alliance. Kaiser Wilhelm II was a german leader who were known for the militarism and were viewed by much of Europe as a threat.


Nationalism

Militarism

Alliances

Archduke Francis Ferdinand

Serbia

Kaiser Wilhelm II