History of Labor
Why Unions Were Formed
Examples of Unions
National Labor Union
- Formed in 1866
- Persuaded Congress to pass an 8-hour day for Federal workers
- Never grew very strong
- Organization of Unions
- Died during the economic depression of 1873
Knights of Labor
- Formed in 1869
- Tried to establish 8 hour wok days, equal pay, and end to child labor
- Formed by Uriah Stephens
- Women and African Americans could join (1883)
- Allowed skilled and unskilled workers to join
- Led by Terence Powderly
- Mary Jones helped lead strikes, and was sentenced to 20 years in jail
Conditions Post Formation of Unions
History of Unions in Wisconsin
The Union workers in Wisconsin were some of the most organized, yet the employers still faught against them. Here is a list of somenimportant events in Wisconson Union history:
- 1867 - The union of the shoemakers, Knights of St. Crispin, became the nations largest union
- 1886 - 7 workers were killed while participating in the later known "Bay View Tragedy." The workers were were on a peaceful march agains the 8 hour work day
- 1893 - The State Federation of Labor was founded
- 1897 - The Socailist Party in Milwaukee was formed. It was the start of progressive actin in Wisconsin
- 1898 - In Oshkosh, a city-wide strike occured, and later, the were not charged with conspiracy charges after an excessive trial
- 1900 - 1905 - Several strikes occured for Saturday nights off
- 1911 - The first Workers Compensation Law was made
- 1935 - The American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees Union was founded. This union is one of the largest unions in the nation present day
- 1958 - Through merger of State Federation of Labor and Wisconsin CIO, the state AFL-CIO was created
- 1959 - As one of the first in the whole nation, the Public Employee Collective Bargaining Act was passed
Current State of Unions
- Numbers for workers in unions are decreasing
- Limited Collective Bargaining
- Many major state employee unions do not have a status in Wisconsin
- Unions without status may exist buy the government does not have to recognize them
- Unions must receftify each year
- Most Unions in the US are under AFL-CIO or the Change to Win Federation
- Percent of union membership is dropping, from 11.4% in 2010 to less than 7% currently
- The public scector employess hold the most prominent unions
- Union workers on average recieve 10-30% more pay than those who are not in a union
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- Photograph. Women, Men, and Unions, 1983-2004. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Web. 20 Dec. 2012. <http://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2005/may/wk4/art04.htm>.
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Rondy, John. "Reuters." Major Wisconsin State Worker Unions Loose Official Status. Thomson Reuters, 23 2011. Web. 20 Dec 2012. <https://ieonline.microsoft.com/