The skeletal system is the best system of the human body!
Skeletal System Overview
Types of Bones
Short - Short bones are as long as they are wide and they are normally cubes or round shaped. Carpal bones of the hand and the tarsal bones of the foot are examples of short bones.
Flat - Flat bones have a variety of sizes and shapes, but they have one common characteristic, they are very thin in one direction. Flat bones to not have medullary cavity because they are too thin. The frontal, parietal and occipital bones in your cranium are flat bones! Also your ribs and hips bones.
Irregular -Irregular bones do not have a shape and wise that fits the pattern of long, short and flat bones. It can be said that they are pretty irregular! The coccyx in your spine and the zygomatic bones in your skull - are all irregular bones.
Sesamoid -Sesamoid bones are formed after birth, and they grow inside tendons that run across joints. These bones can help protect tendons from strains and stresses. The patella and pisiform bone are the only sesamoid bones that count of the 206 bones in the body. Interestingly, some sesamoid joints can form in the joints of the hands and feet, but not all people have them.
BUT, HOW DOES THE SKELETAL SYSTEM HELP US!?
The main function of the skeletal system is to provide support for your body. Without your skeleton, your body would collapse, and we all know that being a puddle of skin and guts wouldn't help us be as productive.
The skeletal system also provides protection for some of the most important organs in the body, Your skull protects your brain, eyes, etc. Your ribs protects your lungs and heart, while your vertebrae supports your spinal cord.
Bones provide the structure for muscles to attach so our bodies are able to move and wiggle wiggle wiggle! Tendons are cohesive inelastic bands that attach your muscles to your bones.
Did you know teeth are part of the skeletal system!?
Common Diseases of the Skeletal System
Bone mineral density decreases, causing bones to lose their strength. Bones become weaker and weaker, which can lead to fractures with minor trauma. Osteoporosis is affected a lot by a person's age, hormone status and diet.
The bone marrow produces while blood cells for the human body, but when things get out of hand, and cells start to come in abnormal masses, people enter a critical state. A variety of blood cancers are categorised as Leukemia, but Leukemia is considered a disease of the Skeletal System. Early signs of Leukemia are: bone pain, extreme weight loss, fatigue, easy bruising and night sweats.
Commonly known as Clubfoot, this is a defect from birth in which a foot is pointing either inward or outward. Learning to walk is pretty difficult with a clubfoot, and it normally leads to surgery.
How do you keep your bones healthy?
Skeletal System Diseases. (n.d.). Retrieved March 17, 2016, from http:www.newhealthguide.org/Skeletal-System-Diseases.html
Skeletal System. (n.d.) Retrieved March 15, 2016, from http://www.innerbody.com/image/skelfov.html#full-description
Hallandale Health. (n.d.). Skeletal System. Retrieved March 17m 2016, from http://hes.ucfsd.org/gclaypo/skelweb/skel01.html#what